Волонтер или доброволец: элементарные объяснения для самоопределения
A study of discursive identities oppositions in terms of the two semantically close words denoting "volunteers", the one being a native Russian word and the other a foreign one, reveals the typical meanings used to justify a social identity choice, when it is done in the absence of significant semantical differences between the two opposed variants. The article exposes what are substantive arguments substituted with in a situation of choice between the two semantically similar objects of self-identification. It reveals that while substantive explanations of an identity choice seem inconvenient, operational arguments are used to indicate that the preferred word denoting identity (1) is associated with a positive emotion, or (2) is clearly understandable, or (3) is frequently being used; so for self-identification I choose the name, which (1) makes me feel a positive emotion, or (2) which I can understand, or (3) I have used to hear or to say. These three options correspond to the three experimentally found components — affective, cognitive and behavioral — of social attitude. The report demonstrates how the results were obtained and how they can be interpreted.