Некоторые аспекты использования методов Ориентированной на решение краткосрочной терапии и других постмодернистских (постклассических подходов) в дистанционном «офлайн» консультировании
As part of an effort to understand the specific character of a person’s self-referencing treatment, the present study assesses the impact of the practitioner’s facility on the self and the self-related process within helping relationships. An aim of the study is to process and develop the reflective practice of helping a person to maintain adequate ‘self-relation’ with him or herself. A case study research method was assigned to form a single whole of reported helping and supportive work with one participant. This was a useful approach to consider a person’s subjective accounts of experienced selfreferring treatment within ‘encounter’ relationships and to consider themes rather than research data. This study explores some essential qualities of a self-relational process through research interview: (a) the cohesion of internalised ‘selfobjects’ (thoughts, sensations, images, and desires); (b) the constancy of these ‘selfobjects’ to the experience of reorganising the self; and (c) the degree to which the ‘selfobjects’ change in response to changes in circumstances (resilience). Some basic conditions of providing the help and support within the participant’s self-relational process are described in terms of the exploration of practitioner’s attempts to assist these qualities. The findings indicate some basic propositions towards the understanding of a person’s adequate ‘self-relation’. The implications of these findings are discussed.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.