Совместимы ли волонтерская и протестная деятельность? (по материалам самоописаний российских волонтеров)
The article explores the social identity conceptual framework of volunteers in the context of broadly understood social activism. The research question is how active volunteers in Russia to understand the differences between the volunteer and protest participation, as argued incompatibility of the two forms of social activity. Upon thematically selected fragments from 60 semi-formalized interviews with active volunteers from various voluntary organizations of Perm kray, collected in the spring and summer of 2011, a conceptual framework of contrasting protest participation against volunteer participation is reconstructed as a four-dimensional semantic space. Each dimension is shaped by two poles: (1) the good and the absence of good, (2) deed and words, (3) privacy and publicity, (4) loyalty and disloyalty.
In the first three dimensions there is guessed a simplified worldview of an actor who does not want to socialize in the complex world of mature civil action, living in an ethically irreproachable private space and avoiding public scenes, where one has to take into account the wills of the others and to seek compromises and common grounds for interactions. Intentional escape from socialization (or keeping oneself naive) allows realizing via volunteer participation a desire for positive freedom, ignoring all the routs that could lead to militant struggle against structural problems of society. Only the fourth dimension reflects a mature citizenship of volunteers ready to look at the world of colliding wills common ground and compromise, to remain loyal to the established order, preferring positive actions to negative ones.
The analysis revealed the lines of reasoning, and corresponding representations of the world the volunteers live in, and how they position themselves in it against political activists.