Некоторые экологические аспекты хозяйственной деятельности в Арктическом регионе
The main objective of the OECD project was to develop recommendations aimed at improving the use of economic and other instruments of management of water resources for attaining sustainable development of water sector, as well as socio-economic development of the Republic of Buryatia as a whole. The project consisted of three stages that resulted in the development of specific relevant reports included in the series of works performed on the commission of OECD.
Proposed recommendations relate to improvement of water policies while the main aim of the series of project was not the development of detailed methodologies and instructions but rather identification of a general way for policy reforms in the field of water resource management. Such methodological guidelines on introduction and improvement of administrative and economic instruments are propose to be developed at a later stage, after relevant political decuisions on the proposed measures are made.
The main objective of OECD project was the development of recommendations aimed at improving the use of economic and other instruments for management of water resources for ensuring sustainable development of water sector, as well as socio-economic development of the Republic of Buryatia as the whole. The project consisted of three stages that resulted in the devуlopment of specific relevant reports, included in the given series of works implemented on the commission of OECD.
Proposed recommendations rather relate to improvement of water policies while the aim of the series of projects was not the development of detailed methodologies or instructions on application of specific instruments, but identification of a main direction of policy in the field of water resource management. Such methodological guidence on application and improvement of various administrative and economic instruments would be developed later, after principal political decisions on the proposed measures are made.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.