Дискуссия о театре начала 1918-1920-х гг.
Theater discussion 1918-1920 is regarded as an independent phenomenon. The author analyzes A. Lunacharsky’s and P. Kerzhentsev’s standpoints. Moreover, the author shows the influence of the theatrical debate on the formation of the public administrations in Soviet Russia.
The paper considers the transformation of the public funding mechanisms of theatres during the period from the last years of the USSR and early years of postSoviet Russia up to the present. It analyses the differences between models applied at different times. Several parameters of these models are taken into consideration, including the requirements that public bodies impose on the activities of theatres due to funding, and special features of budgetary tools which among other things characterize the approach to the determination of amounts of funding transferred to the theatres. Four models of public funding are juxtaposed with the state cultural policy objectives in theatrical activity set by the Constitution of the Russian Federation and federal statutory and regulatory enactments. Th e hypothesis that there is no direct orientation towards such objectives is put forward and fi nds its confi rmation. A new model based on the public grants mechanism that meets the requirement of being policy objective-oriented is proposed.
The article presents an analysis of the possibilities and limitations of the use of information and communication technologies, in particular the Internet of things as an effective tool for artistic and sociocultural practices in the context of transformations of cultural industries. It is revealed that such radical transformations lead to a change in the formats of cultural objects, their content and form. The prospects of technological development are analyzed and the framework of interdisciplinary research is set.
Considering two main trends in the field of culture - the fusion of art with science and the high demand for viewers’ participation in art-projects, we emphasize the role of technology in the development of media and focus on the prospects that can provide the Internet of things. In addition, analyzing the perspectives of contemporary technological tools as creative tools, we argue that the Internet of things and derivative technologies can have a strong influence on design, education and culture: today the society faces exponential innovative growth in all areas, but the most promising among them are those which provide the user with an active position, ability to provide feedback and an option to become co-author of the responsive, recipient-oriented projects that engage complex technical excellence in order to meet the expectations of a contemporary adaptive user, viewer or student.
The papers of the present volume investigate the potential of the metaphor of life as theater for literary, philosophical, juridical and epistemological discourses from the Middle Ages through modernity, and focusing on traditions as manifold as French, Spanish, Italian, German, Russian and Latin-American.