Становление советской театральной цензуры в 20-30-е гг. ХХ в.
The article investigates questions on the main published documents on the soviet political censorship. The author analyses process of the Glavrepertkom’s establishment and also pays special attention to the possibilities of usage of the Glavrepertkom’s official printed sources.
For many years the playwright Nikolai Erdman and his remarkable impact on Russian theater and drama have been almost forgotten. In the 1990s, however, his drama began attracting critics' attention. Now, as a result, Erdman is viewed as one of the prominent Russian playwrights of the first half of the twentieth century. Although recently Erdman became an important object of research, the innovations of his drama have never been analyzed as specific phenomena. This article is focused on poetics of two main Erdman's plays: “The Warrant” and “The Suicide.” By analyzing the time and space, as well as the plot, dialogue, and characters, the main innovatory elements of these plays are analyzed. According to this analysis, Erdman's dialogue appears to be the playwright's most significant discovery which impacted not only his own drama but the whole Russian theater of the twentieth century as well.
The article discusses the establishment of professional standards across community of German universities philosophers. The paper analyses a nature of public scandals based on the taking away the right to teach at universities such well-known intellectuals such as David Friedrich Strauss (1835), Ludwig Feuerbach (1836), Bruno Bauer (1842), and Kuno Fischer (1852). I propose a thesis that repressive measures were the result of conflicts related to the methodological upgrading of the discipline. I show that the severity of social controversy was caused by the peculiarities of the requirements to academic employees. The development of professional solidarity during the second half of 19th century helped smooth the severity of labor disputes, which, however, did not protect the academic community of ideological pressure by Nazi regime.