Эвристические методы в оценке инвестиционных проектов
The article substantiates the need for using not only quantitative but also qualitative characteristics in investment project evaluation. This conclusion bases on the analysis of methods and criteria, which are proposed in literature and in practice. To select the most attractive investment projects, in addition to widely proven quantitative methods that are based on evaluation criteria related to discounting (net present value, net terminal value, investment profitability index, internal rate of return, discounted payback period, economic value added, cash value added, etc.), we propose to use heuristic methods of decision-making, such as the Delphi method and the ranking method. The results of the study may serve as a tool for modern companies in their comprehensive multifactorial evaluation of investment projects by way of calculating integral criteria, in selecting the best projects with equal values of quantitative criteria, in case of need to consider group judgment while selecting investment projects. The ranking method is easier than the Delphi method; therefore, it is less labor-consuming. However, the results of project evaluation under the Delphi method are more accurate and unbiased, as they are based on the opinions of a group of experts. In any case, heuristic methods in investment project evaluation, along with the generally accepted quantitative approaches, provide more accurate, comprehensive and objective results.
The report is devoted to comprehensive research in the field of strategic planning, logistics infrastructure in to ensure the implementation of export-import and transit potential of Russia in the global system of international transport corridors (ITC). Particularly attention spares to the place and the role of the Russian Transportations Ministry and the Russian Rail-way joint stock company in the investment projects realization, also to the problems of the logistics infrastructure development in sea ports and multimodal transport junctions for example North-East and Moscow regions.
This book presents open optimization problems in graph theory and networks. Each chapter reflects developments in theory and applications based on Gregory Gutin’s fundamental contributions to advanced methods and techniques in combinatorial optimization.
Researchers, students, and engineers in computer science, big data, applied mathematics, operations research, algorithm design, artificial intelligence, software engineering, data analysis, industrial and systems engineering will benefit from the state-of-the-art results presented in modern graph theory and its applications to the design of efficient algorithms for optimization problems.
Topics covered in this work include:
· Algorithmic aspects of problems with disjoint cycles in graphs
· Graphs where maximal cliques and stable sets intersect
· The maximum independent set problem with special classes
· A general technique for heuristic algorithms for optimization problems
· The network design problem with cut constraints
· Algorithms for computing the frustration index of a signed graph
· A heuristic approach for studying the patrol problem on a graph
· Minimum possible sum and product of the proper connection number
· Structural and algorithmic results on branchings in digraphs
· Improved upper bounds for Korkel--Ghosh benchmark SPLP instances
This book constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the 29th International Workshop on Combinatorial Algorithms, IWOCA 2018, held in Singapore, Singapore, in July 2018. The 31 regular papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 69 submissions. They cover diverse areas of combinatorical algorithms, complexity theory, graph theory and combinatorics, combinatorial optimization, cryptography and information security, algorithms on strings and graphs, graph drawing and labelling, computational algebra and geometry, computational biology, probabilistic and randomised algorithms, algorithms for big data analytics, and new paradigms of computation.
The Asia-Pacific region is of growing importance for both the United States and Russia, each of which seeks to “pivot” or “rebalance” its global commitments toward Asia. Yet the focus of U.S.-Russia relations remains on Europe and the former Soviet Union, and neither country has paid sufficient attention to the implications of their respective Asian pivots for the bilateral relationship. Since U.S.-Russia relations in Asia and the Pacific remain underdeveloped, the region holds the potential to act as a sort of laboratory for trying out new mechanisms for bilateral and multilateral cooperation.
Both countries are turning to Asia primarily to benefit from Asia’s economic dynamism. At the same time, they recognize that Asia’s growth is imperiled by a range of traditional and nontraditional security threats, from the nuclear-tipped standoff on the Korean Peninsula to territorial disputes in the East China Sea and South China Sea to terrorism, climate change, migration, and other transnational challenges. Among the most important drivers of change in Asia is the continued rise of China, which is in different ways a critical partner for both Washington and Moscow.
Because Asia’s economic and security landscape remains in flux and the legacies of mistrust hanging over U.S.-Russia relations in Europe are less pronounced, Moscow and Washington have an opportunity to build more effective forms of cooperation from the ground up. This will require efforts from both sides. The United States must reconcile cooperation with Russia with its existing commitments, including long-standing alliance relationships and growing security cooperation with several states in the region. Russia’s challenge lies mainly in convincing states and regional institutions that it is an important player in the region—which in turn requires it to more fully integrate Siberia and the Russian Far East into Asia’s regional economy—and more than a regional satellite of China.
The author investigates the overall evaluation method for APG recovery. The method implies their selection based on oil-and-gas fields parameters, economic assessment with environmental parameters considered as well as their ranking.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.