Экономист об истории: концепция Дейдры Макклоски
The article analyzes the conception of the history and progress of mankind, presented in recent fundamental researches by Deirdre McCloskey. Stresses characteristic of them is the non-materialistic view of the source of historical change. There is also a link to the author's views interpretation of the history of Ludwig von Mises. In the first part the article examines the controversy with almost all currently known concepts explaining the breakthrough of the Western world to the economic growth and well-being. The second part presents McCloskey’s own theory that explains this breakthrough by the radical change of rhetoric, that recognized the "bourgeois virtues" and the dignity of the bourgeoisie. In the final part attention draws to the fact that McCloskey’s views repudiate the predetermined course of history, on the one hand, and its irreversibility, on the other.