Рукопись «Дедикации» П. П. Шафирова и государственная пропаганда Петра I
The “Dedikatsiya” (‘Dedication’) opening the Russian Vice-Chancellor P. P. Shafirov’s book “Razsuzhdenie o prichinah Sveyskoi voiny” (“Discource Concerning the Just Causes of the War Between Sweden and Russia: 1700–1721”) was known in historiography in printed editions of 1717–1722. It is the first time that the original archival manuscript of “Dedikatsiya” is published.
The article describes the influence of strelets riots on army modernization by Peter the Great.
The book is a volume of reports in the 5th International congress of Petrine towns
This volume brings together twenty four articles by eminent historians from around Europe, presented in form of papers at the international conference on the Crimean War (1853-1856) held in Warsaw in 2007.
Battles of the First World War were accompanied by what was the first full-scale war of words in European history. It was aimed at influencing the public opinion abroad as well as at mobilizing the population at home. Leading intellectuals, including famous scholars, participated in propaganda campaigns waged by the belligerent nations. This text focuses on the discussions between philosophers involved in the international conflict.
The author believes that today propaganda is a two way mechanism of communication. In addition to imposing and informational pressure, it involves the formation of public opinion on the basis of awareness of the benefits of the proposed policy for the society. Propaganda is not only a tool of ideology, but also an independent element in the overall structure of the ideological system, especially in conditions of Soviet "idiocracy". Therefore all attempts of Western political science and sociology to separate propaganda and education do not work on the example of Soviet reality.
The paper provides new information about the biography of Ivan Musin-Pushkin, the first and lifelong Russian senator during the reign of Peter I. There is a brief summary of the author's set of arguments disproving the legend of his lineage as an illegitimate son of Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich. The reasons why the future count and senator rose through the ranks become clear, if one studies his activities during his tenure as the governor of Astrakhan and the okolnichij. The published archival documents and the letters of the count and his nearest relations help gain an insight into the prominent dignitary's character in the bosom of his family and when he was not handling nitty-gritty bureaucratic issues. Published for the first time, Ivan Musin-Pushkin's last will and testament turns out to be the quintessence of his mindset and intellectual experiences expressed in 1717.
The present paper aims to demonstrate that the modern editions of the pamphlet by the eminent Italian philosopher and lawyer Gianvincenzo Gravina entitled In Defence of Roman Laws and addressed to Peter the Great, contain a grave error in that they reproduce the addressee's title from the later editions of Gravina's minor writings as "The Emperor of Moscow". A thorough examination of Gravina's Mss. and the earliest editions leaves no doubt that in the original (1698) text Peter had been properly addressed as "The Tzar of Moscow", thus conforming to contemporary political realities and attitudes.
This book is the essential guide for understanding how state power and politics are contested and exercised on social media. It brings together contributions by social media scholars who explore the connection of social media with revolutions, uprising, protests, power and counter-power, hacktivism, the state, policing and surveillance. It shows how collective action and state power are related and conflict as two dialectical sides of social media power, and how power and counter-power are distributed in this dialectic. Theoretically focused and empirically rigorous research considers the two-sided contradictory nature of power in relation to social media and politics. Chapters cover social media in the context of phenomena such as contemporary revolutions in Egypt and other countries, populism 2.0, anti-austerity protests, the fascist movement in Greece's crisis, Anonymous and police surveillance.
This paper presents the emergence of Russian post offices in the XVIIIth century.