О понятии и видах бюджетных инвестиций
The article reveals the concept of investment and public investment, as one of the types of investments. The features of the budget investments, which traditionally act solely as investments. The problem of lack of consideration of the results of public investment, which must be expressed not only in the increase of public property, but also in future profits or savings
An electronic auction, as one of the relatively new methods of procurement, has both positive aspects and disadvantages. The article briefly discusses the prospect of extending electronic bidding rules to other ways of placing orders
The solution of socially important problems by providing budget investments is a prerequisite for the successful development of a country as a whole as well as of a particular region. In terms of a limited budget there is a problem of projects selection. In the paper basic methods of public sector projects performance estimation (cost - benefit, cost - effectiveness, cost - utility) are compared. It is determined that these methods can help to increase the efficiency of scarce budgetary resources usage. However they cannot be applied in Russia without necessary adjustments since there are market imperfections, high costs of collecting necessary information, and other factors. Thus further development of performance estimation methods in the public sector of economics is needed.
The work deals with problems of budgeting in the context of the economic crisis. Classification of the budget is considered and their characteristics are given. For each budget, it has proposed a system of indicators. Recommendations were made for the algorithm for calculating these indicators. Particular attention is given to the cost optimization.
Тhe article considers accounts Valuation and Budget rules - documents, regulating the budget process, or the process of compiling, approving, implementing and controlling of implementation of the state scheduling of income and expenses in Russia of the end of 19th - beginning of 20th century. The named documents are to be a foundation of present budget law in Russia, that supposes their detailed research.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/