Влияние элементов приглашения на увеличение откликов в онлайн-опросах
The authors discuss the problems of selection of respondents for participation in online surveys. The results and the experience of the use of the respondent-driven sampling (RDS) used in online surveys among students of the Higher School of Economics were analyzed in the article. The authors checked whether the web-based RDS corresponds to the basic assumptions such as reciprocity of communications between respondents, random selection and respondent` capability to adequately assess the size of the ego network. An additional question referred to the influence of the “seeds” (first RDS respondents) on the dynamics and the quality of the final sampling was also studied. To answer the questions, two online RDSbased surveys were carried out by the author (online RDS-1 and online RDS-2). The key difference between these two studies is that the “seeds” in the second one were selected out of the researchers` own personal contacts. The authors conclude that the dynamics of the online RDS is more effective if the “seeds” know the researcher in person. At the same time, online RDS-1 and online RDS-2 did not provide the exact assessment of the control parameters of the population. Based on the results of the study the authors define problems for future research.
Adult mortality has been lower in Kyrgyzstan vs. Russia among males since at least 1981 and among females since 1999. Also, Kyrgyzstan’s mortality fluctuations have had smaller amplitude. This has occurred in spite of worse macro-economic outcomes in Kyrgyzstan. To understand these surprising patterns, we analyzed cause-specific mortality in Kyrgyzstan vs. Russia for the period 1981-2010, using unpublished official data. We find that, as in Russia, fluctuations in Kyrgyzstan have been primarily due to changes in external causes and circulatory causes, and alcohol appears to play an important role. However, in contrast with Russia, mortality from these causes in Kyrgyzstan has been lower and has increased by a smaller amount. As a result, the mortality gap between the two countries is overwhelmingly attributable to external and cardio-vascular causes, and more generally, to causes that have been shown to be strongly related to alcohol consumption. These cause-specific results, together with the existence of large ethnic differentials in mortality in Kyrgyzstan, highlight the importance of cultural and religious differences, and their impact on patterns of alcohol consumption, in explaining the mortality gap between the two countries. These findings show that explanatory frameworks relying solely on macro-economic factors are not sufficient for understanding differences in mortality levels and trends among former Soviet republics.
This article addresses the questions, What do children in urban areas do on Saturdays? What type of organizational resources do they have access to? Does this vary by social class? Using diary data on children’s activities on Saturdays in the Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale metropolitan area, the authors describe the different types of venues (households, businesses, public space, associations, charities, congregations, and government/tribal agencies) that served different types of children. They find that the likelihood of using a charity or business rather than a government or tribal provider increased with family income. Also, the likelihood of using a congregation or a government facility rather than business, charity, or household increased with being Hispanic. The authors discuss implications for the urban division of labor on Saturdays and offer research questions that need further investigation.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.