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  • Распределение предпринимательских способностей и миграция: структура занятости, неравенство доходов и благосостояние

Article

Распределение предпринимательских способностей и миграция: структура занятости, неравенство доходов и благосостояние

 We define a general equilibrium model with heterogeneous individuals  who are endowed by identical preferences, given by utility function with constant elasticity of  substitution (CES), and by heterogeneous entrepreneurial skills.  We find that scale effects linked to migration are tractable in  the framework of the constructed model   because the migration changes the market size  together with a market structure.   A population growth due to immigration of low-qualified individuals ambiguously affects  the share of the entrepreneurs  and    the inequality in the economy.  If the distribution of the inverse entrepreneurial skills  has an increasing (decreasing, constant) elasticity then share of the entrepreneurs  decreases (increases, does not change) and the Gini coefficient   increases (respectively, decreases and does not change)