Truth and Truthmakers. A Reply to Bourne's Negation
It is argued in the present paper that an appealing attempt to save the principle of excluded middle by changing the truth-conditions of negation without losing bivalence and compositionality is a misleading device: not only does it alter the logical constant of negation, but it makes a confusion between levels of language, namely: a first-order of sentences (related to states of affairs), and a second-order of staments (related to the lower-order sentences).
The paper discusses the problem of personality development in its reflexive aspect and realization of its capacities within relationship with another person. Methodological bases of the study are psychology of personality, ontology and philosophy of life, existential philosophy; philosophy of language, phenomenology. Being a part of "general personology", a new area of psychological science, the study uses the methods of hermeneutics, reflection, and theoretical modelling in order to extract and generalize the existing knowledge about the capacities of the I. Based on the ideas of M. Heidegger, J.-P. Sartre, and P. Ricoeur, the author develops a hermeneutic model of the multidimensional capacities of the I that are revealed within relationship with the Other. The model describes the genesis of these capacities and of awareness, of the I as a source of reflective mediation, and the forms these capacities take in the relationships of personality. It summarizes the types and dynamics of the capacities of the I in the dimensions of “between I and the Other”, “I-in-the-Others”, “the-Other-in-me”. The reflexive model of the capacities of the I can be used within practices of dialogical self-experience and self-development using retrospective analysis of oneself and one's past expressions, as well as a practice of development of relationship with the Other. The vocal dialogue between the I and the Other is viewed within the life context of each of its participants, which reveals its personological nuances not represented in other human sciences.
In this paper we introduce distinction between “ontologically non-fregean” logics and “pragmatically non-fregean” ones; by means of such distinction a classification of non-fregean logics is presented as well. We believe that NFL must be considered as a many-leveled structure; each level taken separately may vary in different way – from classical to non-classical. It is not these levels themselves that we should call “fregean” or “non-fregean”, but the ways they are stuck together within the whole system. The more levels a system has, the more kinds of “fregean” and “non-fregean” we can find in it.
This article presents an attempt to prove that the notion of sentence despite its complexity and umbiguity is not undefinable. The sentence is considered as a linguistic unit with the domonant feature of binomiality conditioned by the presence of grammatical predicativeness. Special attention is paied to gnoseological and ontological aspects of the sentence as well as the problem of differentiation between the sentence and the utterance.
In this work we consider modeling of workflow systems with Petri nets. To increase flexibility and give tools for workflow models re-engineering we extend the formalism of workflow nets by considering systems of interacting nets. Then we study soundness - the main correctness property of workflow processes - and show, that for a special class of structured workflow system soundness can be proved in compositional way.
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
This important new book offers the first full-length interpretation of the thought of Martin Heidegger with respect to irony. In a radical reading of Heidegger's major works (from Being and Time through the ‘Rector's Address' and the ‘Letter on Humanism' to ‘The Origin of the Work of Art' and the Spiegel interview), Andrew Haas does not claim that Heidegger is simply being ironic. Rather he argues that Heidegger's writings make such an interpretation possible - perhaps even necessary.
Heidegger begins Being and Time with a quote from Plato, a thinker famous for his insistence upon Socratic irony. The Irony of Heidegger takes seriously the apparently curious decision to introduce the threat of irony even as philosophy begins in earnest to raise the question of the meaning of being. Through a detailed and thorough reading of Heidegger's major texts and the fundamental questions they raise, Haas reveals that one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century can be read with as much irony as earnestness. The Irony of Heidegger attempts to show that the essence of this irony lies in uncertainty, and that the entire project of onto-heno-chrono-phenomenology, therefore needs to be called into question.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.