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Article

Truth and Truthmakers. A Reply to Bourne's Negation

The Reasoner. 2007.

It is argued in the present paper that an appealing attempt to save the principle of excluded middle by changing the truth-conditions of negation without losing bivalence and compositionality is a misleading device: not only does it alter the logical constant of negation, but it makes a confusion between levels of language, namely: a first-order of sentences (related to states of affairs), and a second-order of staments (related to the lower-order sentences).