Словосочетание как проблема обучения английской письменной речи
The paper deals with a number of issues relating to the formation and use of collocations in English Language Learning (ELL) writing. Special attention is focused on theoretica lviews of famous foreign linguists who consider collocations to be a problem for L2 learning. To show the relevance of the subject matter, the article offers the objective results of practical research into students’ writing. The research is aimed at identifying the most commonly used types of lexical collocations, as well as an analysis of typical mistakes in their use. The paper provides teachers with some exercises and advice on how to work with word combinations in an effective way.
This article discusses the legal phenomenon of a hostile takeover in connection with specific features of this process in Russia. The tasks of this research as follows: - to give an overall overview of the specific features of hostile takeovers in the Russian market of M&A; - to determine the main methods used by raiders when takings over the target company; - to analyses protective measures which can be taken against hostile takeovers; - to determine the most effective preventive and reactive measures against hostile takeovers.
Importance. To reveal the degree of influence of investment transactions on the development of the Russian insurance market through the analysis of the main indicators of its activity.
The aim (objective) of the research is to reveal factors related to deals of merger and the activity of the Russian insurance market. These factors will be analyzed to determine the extent of their influence on the position of the largest insurance companies in Russia.
Methods. The investment deals, to a great extent, have closed information purpose, therefore, the analysis of quantitative and qualitative data is done using case analysis and ranking. Basic information for the study was taken: websites of state agencies, from interviews with managers of insurance companies operating on the insurance market in Russia, and the opinions of financial analysts presented in the periodicals.
Results. Focus on was be given to the analysis of the main financial characteristics, presents the absolute and relative indicators. Among the absolute indices need allocate: size of the share capital, the number of insurance companies, the volume of insurance premiums and payments. Among the relative indices should be noted: the productivity of capital premiums, index Hirshman-Herfindahl. All indicators are presented in tabular form. Moreover there are other comparative tables: the impact of deals on separate economic indicators; real and fictitious investment transactions.
Conclusions and Relevance. This article is relevant and has a high importance for understanding that is a happening in the insurance market consolidation. The fact can be associated with a small number of such studies. Primarily the investment deals were considered like a quick way of increasing financial and competitive power of insurance companies. However, despite the positive impact on the activities of the Russian insurance market, such deals lead to the consolidation and the emergence of oligopolistic tendencies that reduces competition.
Annotation: This article discusses the legal phenomenon of a hostile takeover in connection with specific features of this process in Russia. The tasks of this research as follows: - to give an overall overview of the specific features of hostile takeovers in the Russian market of M&A; - to determine the main methods used by raiders when takings over the target company.
Automatic verb-noun collocation extraction is an important natural language processing task. The results obtained in this area of research can be used in a variety of applications including language modeling, thesaurus building, semantic role labeling, and machine translation. Our paper de-scribes an experiment aimed at comparing the verb-noun collocation lists extracted from a large corpus using a raw word order-based and a syntax-based approach. The hypothesis was that the latter method would result in less noisy and more exhaustive collocation sets. The experiment has shown that the collocation sets obtained using the two methods have a surprisingly low degree of correspondence. Moreover, the collocate lists extracted by means of the window-based method are often more complete than the ones obtained by means of the syntax-based algorithm, despite its ability to filter out adjacent collocates and reach the distant ones. In order to interpret these differences, we provide a qualitative analysis of some common mismatch cases.
It is stated in the article that the use of techniques of the lexical approach in a university foreign language course, in particular, an English for Academic Purposes course, contributes to the development of lexical competence. As lexical competence is an integral part of linguistic and, therefore, communicative competence, it constitutes one of the criteria in international examinations, and it is necessary to master it to effectively function in academic settings. The principles and techniques within the approach are outlined, examples from authored textbooks are provided. The activities include tasks on the recognition and use of collocations, synonyms and antonyms, discourse markers, and also word formation. In addition, some techniques which allow teachers to implement the lexical approach with existing materials or encourage learners to work autonomously are suggested. It is concluded, that when the lexical approach is implemented alongside with other approaches and methodologies it gives a teacher instruments to enrich students' language repertoire alongside with providing students with strategies of autonomous work and lexical items for functioning in academic contexts.
The article studies forensic methods which are a prerequisite to properly arrange the investigation of crimes connected with illegal corporate raids. Having outlined in this perspective the key directions in forensic methods, the author interprets them it as a set of organizational, legal, informational and other events specially aimed at teaching and applying expertise, guidelines on forensic studies, tools and methods in different departments of RF internal affairs bodies, i.e. investigative, special investigative techniques and analytics departments. The staff of the bodies is obliged to be involved in exposing, preventing, detecting and investigating crimes connected with corporate raids.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.