Проблемы сохранения конкурентоспособности национальной инновационной системы США
The U.S. national system of innovation (NSI) is one of the most successful in the world. However, the U.S. has been losing ground to China in the global economy, research and innovation. The paper discusses the current shape of the American NSI and its bottlenecks.
Chapter 6 presents an analysis of Russian innovation system accompanied by an overview of state science, technology and innovation (STI) policy practice.
The authors cover the most urgent institutional cleavages, including the split-offs of science and industry, issues of institutional model of the R&D sector, sectoral discrepancies and regional polarization.
An outline of STI policy framework evolution is presented, including the most recent Strategy for Socio-Economic Development of Russia till 2020 topics. A special regard is paid to linkage-stimulating policy instruments, including grants for joint research for Universities, R&D organisations and companies, technology platforms, regional innovation clusters program and elaboration of innovation development plans for state-owned companies.