Специфические управленческие компетенции и карьера менеджеров
Cognitive Management: Conceptualization of managerial performance The monograph is devoted to the development of ideas about management and managers, specific of cognitive management and cognitive phenomenology, opens in the managerial work. Based on data from numerous studies of the last decade, the author reveals the peculiarities of modern management; it shows the logic of its development and explains the popularity of certain concepts. The book describes the basic mechanisms and means of professional management activities conceptualizing, their use as tools in human resources management, and as a reflection of cognitive supports management. Particular attention is paid to the problems of cognitive management as one of the rapidly developing areas of theory and practice of corporate management.
The collection of materials of the XI International Scientific Conference «Global Science and Innovation» is the research and practice edition which includes the researches of students, graduate students, postdoctoral students of Europe, Russia and other countries. It is intended for students, teachers, graduate students and people who areinterested in contemporary science.
Competencies and Management: competencies for management, managerial competencies, competency management Modern approaches to understanding the essence of management associated with the introduction of non-strict concepts inherent in the humanities. New ideas lead to the creation of new technologies and new management phenomenology. Modeling of managerial activity more associated with models of managerial competencies and managerial competence, which became a kind of symbol of professionalism of the beginning of the XXI century. Being based on the actual material of the world literature, the author investigates the problem of modeling of managerial skills and practical application of these models and based on its tools for the evaluation and development of the managerial capacity. The book presents the cognitive concept of the managerial activity and the cognitive model of managerial competencies created on its basis. The main position are illustrated by the results of the authors own researches.
The article discusses a trend in tests developing looking at tests with restricted actions of test takers (this takes place in a situation of solving explicitly formulated problems with the only right answer) and diagnostic problem situations tests with novel content, high degree of uncertainty, open beginning and end. Open beginning is being used more frequently in testing. It suggests freedom of posing own research questions to study reality and searching answers through interaction with this reality. Emergence of mass tests of exploratory behaviour reflects the belief that ability to cope with novelty and uncertainty through active exploration will be the most required ability in the nearest future. The author also examines issues of testing intelligence and creativity in the situation of novelty and uncertainty, including the “the problem of judging”. It is noted that any test on cognitive abilities (and especially on creative thinking) is an attempt of its designers to prove their infinite wisdom. As it is supposed that intelligence and creativity of any person applied in a new situation are described within a model designed by a test’s developer who possess super intelligence. Inevitable mistakes that appear within this approach may be corrected through a dialogue between different research groups or the situation may exacerbate if researchers avoid criticism. The author analyses the fundamental methodological mistake of testing creativity – a pre-prepared list with “standard creative answers” against which solutions of participants are checked. This mistake was discussed using the example of the PISA-2012 creative task (rankings of countries in education are based on this PISA test). An optimistic thesis is put forward: humankind will never be completely ready for evaluating its creative potential regardless advantages in tests development, because this creative potential is ahead of testing methods. However, tests play an important role in preparing humankind for this, as they are new and important part of this creative potential. Key words: psychology of activities in the situation of novelty and uncertainty, cognitive abilities and skills, intelligence, creativity, exploratory behavior, tests development.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management