Лермонтов в советской школе (1953-1991): канон, идеология, педагогика
The article explores the formation and evolution of the canon of Mikhail Lermontov’s works in literary curricula of the Soviet school, 1953–1991. Using the ministerial programs and official textbooks, the authors identify the corpus of Lermontov’s texts which were compulsory for reading, and trace its changes from the first to the latest Soviet curricula and educational standards. In addition, the article describes the evolution of interpretation of Lermontov’s life and works in different textbooks of the period, their connection with the ideological context and methodological discussions in school education.
The article is devoted to Lermontov studies as undertaken by A.I.Zhuravleva.
The article reconstructs the history of the creation of Russia’s literary canon in the second half of the nineteenth century, and more speci cally – the phenomenon of Russian classic literature as codi ed in the high school curriculum of the time. The fact that teaching Russian literature was not abandoned in schools in the 1870s and that the writings published before about 1842 had acquired the status of “classics” owed to a very speci c political constellation. The author argues that the turn toward classicism in education in the early 1870s by the newly appointed minister of public education, Dmitry Tolstoy, re ected the regime’s determination to embrace and promote Russian nationalism while curtailing its democratic potential. This both opened up an opportunity for Russian literature to be included in the school curriculum and mandated the format of this inclusion as rigid lists of compulsory reading.
The article is a critical review of the current condition of canon formation studies in Russia in its connection to Pushkin epoch and ‘golden age’ of Russian Literature. Besides, article reviews Pushkin reading which took place at the University of Tartu
The present article continues the investigation of the Soqotri verbal system undertaken by the Russian-Soqotri fieldwork team. The article focuses on the so-called “weak” and “geminated” roots in the basic stem. The investigation is based on the analysis of full paradigms (perfect, imperfect and jussive) of more than 170 “weak” and “geminated” Soqotri verbs.