Приграничное сотрудничество регионов России, Беларуси и Украины: состояние и перспективы
This paper is a result of a study “Cross-border cooperation in regions of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine” which was carried out by the Eurasian Development Bank. The authors described the economic situation in the borderland of three countries at present and functional relations between border regions, assess the potential of cross-border cooperation, its institutions and the state today. Econometric methods are applied to an evaluation of the relation between mutual trade and economic growth in the condition of border’s different barrier role. Measures aimed to a better use of the economic, social and resource potential of border regions and to the increase of their role in the processes of integration are recommended
The article contains a one-year forecast for developing of Russian cross-border cooperation policy and practice. The author shares her expectations about the inter-regional relations in Russian-European and Russian-Post-Soviet directions. Such an important idea as a definition of the fundamental reason for current speed and quality of cross-border cooperation in Russia is advanced for the discussion of scientific community.
This article focuses on the correlation between the contemporary crisis phenomena in the Eurozone and some CIS countries with the existing Euroregions. We attempt to analyze the interdependence of the qualitative aspect of cross-border relations of European countries with their economic sustainability in the context of regional international integration. The theoretical significance of this work lies in the revealed correlation between the efficiency of cross-border Euroregions and the additional resources that can be retrieved in the framework of national economic policy during global recession. The practical component consists in clarifying the conceptual framework for the formation of successful cross-border education in today's Europe. The authors employed the historical-descriptive approach and factual consideration of the cross-border and macro-regional level of interaction between European countries. The main results are as follows. The crisis in several EU countries is associated with a complex of causes that deplete the platform for multilateral cooperation in Europe. To a lesser extent, the crisis has affected the states that are actively involved in cross-border cooperation projects. The formation of European regions is closely related to the industrial development of their regions. The Post-Soviet space requires a redistribution of overcentralized power. The abundance of Euro-regions along the perimeter of certain states may be an indicator of economy's resilience to potential shocks. The provisions set forth in the article contribute to the improvement of scientific understanding of political regionalistics and takes the current understanding of international system to the level of cross-border relations and institutions creating a system of interrelated elements of macro-regional and national building. The results can be applied in the development of a conceptual and legal framework for the construction of cross-border political formations in the Post-Soviet space, especially, within the Eurasian Economic Community, which coined the concept of «eurasiaregion».
This paper compares macroregional practices in Russia (Strategies for Federal Districts and territories) and European Union (Strategies for Baltic See and Danube Region). It is shown that differences in practices are defined by the nature of macroregions which are the elements of state power in Russia and the instruments of territorial cohesion in EU. The features of macroregionalization stages are revealed. The prospectives for future research and practices are supposed taking into account the features of public administration and the budgetary systems in Russia and EU.
The volume comprises research articles prepared on basis of presentations for two conference held in Narva College of the University of Tartu in 2012. The large scope of articles attracts wider audience interested in border and English studies. The first part (Crossing Borders: Dialogue of Languages and Cultures) consists of articles which are united under three topics: History of Evolvement of Border Regions; Identity Issues of the Population of Border Regions; and Multicultural Education and Practices of Educational Institutions of Border Regions . The second part (Teaching English and Teaching in English) includes articles which discuss problems and issues of content and language integrated learning, teacher education in the multilingual world and English language teaching and learning. This structure allows to reach a wider scientific audience to acquaint it with good practices and interdisciplinary research on border issues in various areas from the historical, cultural, educational and linguistic perspectives.
The comparative analyses of the group mental imagery characteristics and impact factors is the main focus of the article.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.