Вступление России в ВТО в контексте сотрудничества со странами Таможенного союза
Article evaluates the effects of Russia's accession to the WTO in the context of cooperation with the states - members of the Customs Union. Author carried out analysis of the impact of the Customs Union and the World Trade Organization on the dynamics of trade turnover of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan, as well as investigate the appropriateness of the Customs Union after Russia's WTO accession.
The article analyzes the historical background of the emergence and development of the Customs Union of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan on the example of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, the German Customs Union and the Southern African Customs Union.
Die rechtliche Gestaltung der Zollunion Russlands, Weißrusslands und Kasachstans im Rahmen der Eurasischen Wirtschaftsgemeinschaft hat das russische öffentliche Recht vor eine neue Aufgabe gestellt, die nicht nur angesichts ihrer theoretischen Prämissen aktuell ist1, sondern auch eine besondere praktische Bedeutung hat. Es handelt sich um das Verhältnis zwischen supranationaler und nationaler Regulierung im Zollbereich.
The monograph based on a study of legal acts of the World Trade Organization and periodical literature examines the history of the creation of the GATT / WTO, its structure, goals and principles. On the basis of statistical data and other sources describes the process of Russia's accession to the WTO, analyzed the socio-economic consequences, examines the process of adaptation of Russian business, higher education and the ability of the Customs Union in the framework of Russia's membership in the WTO. The author focuses on the possible negative effects on the regional level and in various sectors of the economy. On the basis of the analysis carried out by forming conclusions and provides guidance for the development of adaptation to Russian WTO rules.
Work is aimed at specialists in the field of economics, law, customs, university students, as well as all those interested in the consequences of Russia's entry into the World Trade Organization.
This is a review of issues and problems, including cross-border disputes, arising during customs examination and sampling in the Russian Federation and the European Union. The Customs Union of the Russian Federation, Republic of Kazakhstan, and the Republic of Belarus was formed in accordance with the Agreement of 6 October 2007. This article provides some concrete examples of cross-border disputes in comparison to similar problems that have arisen in the EU, particularly in the Netherlands. Based on this review, we will conclude with some suggestions to improve the handling of cross-border disputes arising from customs examinations and sampling.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.