Особенности взаимосвязи системы трудовой мотивации персонала и организационной культуры коммерческих банков Алтайского края
The paper is devoted to the interconnection of labour motivation system and organizational culture in commercial banks. The research covers several banks of Barnaul city in Altai region. The main issues discussed in the paper follow as: in which way can system of labour motivation and organizational culture be interconnected? How can the impact of values of a specific type of organizational culture be taken into account while a given bank’s system of labour motivation is being formed?
The purpose of the book is to give a holistic and systematic understanding of the nature, sources, mechanisms of formation and development of labor interests in terms of the personality of the employee, to show the possibilities of using this phenomenon in the field of human resource management. The book is intended for a wide range of readers, namely: for students, graduate students, doctoral students, teachers of higher educational institutions of a psychological, sociological, legal and economic profile, as well as for practitioners in the field of human capital management.
The economic development of any country is determined by the interests of the actors. And this is quite understandable, since both production, trade, and distribution, and consumption are connected not only with material objects, but also with the intellectual spiritual activity of people, with their real labor activity. The development of the economy can not be represented as an active process outside the participation of people. But a one-sided view of interest only from an economic point of view allows us to reveal only a certain set of its characteristics, without providing a complete picture of all its diverse content.
In the modern world it is necessary to consider and evaluate the interests of workers in the course of their work activity in a different way. First, the scale of their expression and reflection has significantly expanded. Secondly, the range of participants in economic activity and the range of their labor interests has become much wider. Third, labor interests, both nationally and internationally, have become much more dense and closely related. Fourth, a profound scientific technical, technological, political and cultural factors influencing the formation and development of labor interests have acquired an unprecedented scale.
Studies of labor interests are very important, since each area of economic, social, legal, pedagogical, psychological, and other sciences makes its own special contribution to the development of the theory and methodology of knowledge of the phenomenon of interest. At the same time, the need to unite the efforts of all schools to form a theory of labor interests, which would form the basis of a new scientific paradigm, seems more and more obvious. Today in science there is no consensus about the concept and nature of labor interests and the ways of their coordination. Despite a significant amount of work related to the analysis of various aspects of labor interests, a number of insufficiently studied theoretical questions remain. Among them: the historical, epistemological and ontological nature of labor interests, the factors determining them; forms and conditions for the realization of interests in modern conditions; the role and place of interests in the mechanism of labor motivation of staff; patterns of formation, functioning and development of the system of labor interests; trends of its transformation.
Of course, one should not exaggerate the possibility of a complete and rigorous description of the changing pattern of labor interests. They are sometimes little predictable and develop outside the general field of view. Deep economic processes in the national and world economy give rise to financial industrial, trade and other crises, which adversely affect the content of labor interests. Some people lose the field of employment and their labor interests are saved rather potentially. Others, on the contrary, gain confidence in the achievement of broader economic goals, and still others try to passively or actively influence the prevention and elimination of crisis phenomena and their labor interests acquire a purely situational character. Much depends on how each worker realizes his place in the real division of labor and seeks to use his potential in the sphere of production. And therefore, psychological science is designed to form and use such models and mechanisms of motivation that give labor activity the character of a powerful and sustainable factor of social development and improvement of the well-being of each employee. One of the backbone and very promising mechanisms for employers motivation is labor interest. That is, labor interest should become the dominant mechanism for influencing the work activity of people. This is one of the conclusions of the author of the book.
Another conclusion is that the purposeful influence of the external social environment serves as an important factor of positive or negative influence on the labor interests, either encouraging active civil or professional actions, or deforming interest to the level of self-serving. Thus, it is necessary to create an external working environment conducive to the formation, maintenance and development of sustainable socially beneficial labor interests. Ways how to do this are outlined in the book.
The author focuses on the feasibility of studying the systemic interaction of the labor interests of different categories of workers - owners, managers, specialists, experts. All this is complemented by an analysis of the influence of interpersonal, group, national and professional, civil interests in labor collectives. Their systemic influence is not yet studied with sufficient depth. Therefore, this monograph opens the first page of a deep study of labor interests.
The book includes three chapters, each of which consists of five sections. The first chapter examines all questions relating to the sources, the nature of labor interests, the conceptual apparatus and the research of scientists in this field. The place of interest in the mechanism of labor motivation and various theories of interests are considered. The author presents a modern classification of labor interests - an ensemble of interests. The prospects for the development of the theory of labor interests within the framework of the psychological sciences, such as social psychology, labor psychology, organizational psychology, etc., are shown.
Chapter 2 provides a psychological model of work interests. Identified sources of interest in labor, both external and internal. The influence of interest on job satisfaction, involvement and loyalty of staff, on professional self-realization of workers and the optimality of work in general is shown. A separate section is devoted to the use of the psychological model of labor interests in the system of human capital management.
Chapter 3 reflects the dynamics of labor interests. Here are the factors influencing the variability of interests — working catalysts and inhibitors, internal obligations, individual values, perfectionism, “inspiring” samples, etc. Revealed ways to stimulate labor interests, which may be practically useful in the management of staff organizations, because they include specific recommendations. Different approaches to the study of labor interests are described in detail, since almost all the tools available at this stage in the development of psychological science to measure the individual structure of workers' interests are presented. The evolution of labor interests, both age and generation, is presented.
The annexes present methods and tools for assessing the structure of employees' interests, job satisfaction, and other features of motivating and stimulating interests.
In conclusion, conclusions are made that allow to state the relevance and scope of the topic of labor interests for psychological science and other social sciences (sociology, law, pedagogy, etc.). The prospects for the study of this problem within the whole spectrum of the social and psychological sciences are shown. New special courses on labor interests are offered for persons studying in the field of social psychology, labor psychology, organizational psychology, personnel management, etc. Recommendations are made for purposeful shaping of labor interests in the practice of socio-psychological services and personnel management departments of companies specialized firms, scientific centers and in the activities of executive and municipal government bodies.
Modern capitalism favors values that undermine our face-to-face bonds with friends and family members. Focusing on the post-communist world, and comparing it to more 'developed' societies, this book reveals the mixed effects of capitalist culture on interpersonal relationships. While most observers blame the egoism and asocial behavior found in new free-market societies on their communist pasts, this work shows how relationships are also threatened by the profit orientations and personal ambition unleashed by economic development. Successful people in societies as diverse as China, Russia, and Eastern Germany adjust to the market economy at a social cost, relaxing their morals in order to obtain success and succumbing to increased material temptations to exploit relationships for their own financial and professional gain. The capitalist personality is internally troubled as a result of this "sellout," but these qualms subside as it devalues intimate qualitative bonds with others. This book also shows that post-communists are similarly individualized as people living in Western societies. Capitalism may indeed favor values of independence, creativity, and self-expressiveness, but it also rewards self-centeredness, consumerism, and the stripping down of morality. As is the case in the West, capitalist culture fosters an internally conflicted and self-centered personality in post-communist societies.
The results of the interrogative psycholinguistic experiment described in this article is part of a broader research of how soci-ocultural knowledge influences communication in the Internet discussions by readers of American press. The experiment allows obtaining a complex model of positively/negatively evaluated events in the American society, paying special attention to the value-evaluation component. This model can further be a basis for explanation of the communicative strategies of argumentation and manipulation used in verbal description of events. The type of sociocultural mental structures described in the article is viewed as a dynamic cognitive gestalt that can be potentially split into a number of parameters, but is not reducible to their sum, which is characterized by both individual existence in the mind of a native speaker and distributed existence in a sociocultural community as an abstract social invariant. The article discusses advantages of psycholinguistic approach to modeling the fragments of this background knowledge compared to using exclusively introspective text analysis, as it allows to separate methodologically the research of mental structures and particular instances of verbal communication that are based on those structures and gives an opportunity to avoid the vicious circle of studying communicative strategies used in the text exclusively modeled from the same text material.
Analysis of the topic of the disease in the literary canon and visual representations in textbooks for primary school.
A joint research project carried out by an interdisciplinary group of Russian and Swedish linguists, sociologists and educators-psychologists (the Swedish Institute grant), besides solving pragmatic tasks of finding out relative quantitative-qualitative specificity of national cognitive representations of values, first of all, had methodological goals. They were to check the efficiency of the linguistic methods developed in this study (and, thus, to prove the theoretical ideas that served the basis for it) of getting factual data that allow reconstructing and comparing of the corresponding areas of cognitive representations.
Considering specifi city of modernization processes in Russia, caused both by internal problems and Russias place in global economy, the author brings an attention to the question of features of standard-values system of Russian reformers. Results of the analysis of 12 values-blocks forming a basis of the variety of the standard-valuable systems of Russians are given.