Символ-слово в поиске решения жизненных проблем
The purpose of this study is to theoretically and practically substantiate the efficacy of new methods for symbolic mediation of self-cognition focused at problematic life situation. There studied the reflection of life problem performed with discursive and logical means as well as symbolic figures, landscapes and interiors. Handling the symbols is made explicit in the person’s texts on possible solutions to problematic situation. Study outputs are the model of a word-symbol; the model of symbol’s individuality; the model of self-cognition’s life functions with accent at individualization; analysis of the case of symbolic mediation of the reflection of life problem; the typology of self-cognition forms based on productivity of different mediation ways. There substantiated the hypothesis about developing potential of different symbols’ categories as to realization of “chronotop”, “participants” and “main hero” pertaining to the problematic situation. There outlined the prospects for application of the study results in psychotherapy.