Performance Effects of Appointing Other Firms’ Executive Directors to Corporate Boards: An Analysis of UK Firms
This paper studies the effect on company performance of appointing non-executive directors that are also executive directors in other firms. The analysis is based on a new panel dataset of UK companies over 2002–2008. Our findings suggest a positive relation between the presence of these non-executive directors and the accounting performance of the appointing companies. The effect is stronger if these directors are executive directors in firms that are performing well. We also find a positive effect when these non-executive directors are members of the audit committee. Overall, our results are broadly consistent with the view that non-executive directors that are executives in other firms contribute to both the monitoring and advisory functions of corporate boards.
In a detailed study of 20 newly-privatized Russian enterprises, Igor Gurkov and Shlomo Maital ask two important questions concerning ownership and performance. First, who really controls the newly-privatized enterprises and who is generally thought to control them - are they the same? Second, what is the relationship between the type of control - in particular, does one form of control lead to superior performance?
The authors find that, for nearly half of the firms, managers were perceived to be the real owners and controllers. But this perception is not borne out by reality. In all of the 20 companies surveyed, across a variety of industries, 51 per cent or more of the stock was found to be distributed among the employees. The implications of this situation for Western firms seeking partners with Russian privatized enterprises is spelled out.
This article is intended to summarize the key works on Quality Management in order to obtain a unified theoretical basis. Applicability to Russian companies is discussed. Differences between the classic quality paradigm and the TQM ideas are focused and studied thoroughly. Basing on the most recognized works of Crosby, Juran and Deming, the history of Quality Management ideas development is shown. Mechanisms of impact of implemented quality management systems on company results are shown, since it is required in order to perform an empirical study of quality management effectiveness. Also several aims for empirical studies are proposed. Possibility of Quality Management implementation for Russian companies is also discussed.
Researchers have long tried to define the impact of corporate mergers and acquisitions on company performance. We contribute to the existing literature by examining the performance of M&A deals in emerging capital markets based on the economic profit model and comparing the results with ones obtained by means of traditional method—accounting studies. Examining a sample of 80 deals initiated by companies from emerging capital markets over 2003–2009, we find that M&As are value-destroying deals for the combined firms. Results from the long-run analysis prove the negative industry-adjusted differences between post-acquisition and preacquisition performance measures. The difference is equal to a significant −3.3% for the EBITDA/sales ratio. The economic profit approach demonstrates a similar result. Economic profit has declined due to M&A deals by $4 million. We also analyze the determinants of M&A performance, such as method of payment, business similarity, and type of geographical expansion (cross-border versus local deals).
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.