Foresight and roadmapping as innovative tools for identifying the future of new materials
Rapid growth of the new materials sector represents one of the most promising scientific and technological trends on which depends the growth of key sectors of the national economy. This paper focuses on Foresight for the field of new materials and gives special consideration to the case study of prospects of carbon fibres, which is one of the most promising areas of new materials. We suggest using roadmapping as a final stage of Foresight. Integrated roadmapping represents a combination of desk research, expert procedures, and scenario development. It provides a comprehensive approach to the strategic development of the subject area within the unique time scale, containing indicators of the quantifying economic effectiveness of the potentially prospective technologies and products that possess high demand potential and attractive consumer properties.
One of the most important issues for the world society in the XXI century is a task to provide pure water for citizens. As evidenced results of expert survey, made by the Higher School of Economics
significant part of water sources for drinking water in Russia doesn’t meet necessary requirements. And one of the most adequate solutions to meet this challenge is using the nanotechnologies in processes of water purification that can solve the set of problems such as polluted sources, obsolete equipment, increased risk of diseases etc. Roadmap “Applying Nanotechnology to Water Treatment” was launched by summarizing opinions of expert community participants both national and foreign regarding the most significant nanotechnologies and products made with their help which are used or can be used for water treatment and purification purposes. The aim of the research is to make special innovation routes R&D-technologies-products-markets that could be used by federal and regional authorities and Russian companies working in the field of water purification. The roadmap becomes the first largescale national foresight exercise in the area of nanotechnologies for water purification.
We consider the realization of the development strategy for the university in the context of global, national and regional trends. We show how the implementation of innovative forms of educational process and research work of teachers and students, co-operation with key partners are able to turn a new school in a leading regional university of socio-economic profile.
Articles published in the colection were presented at an international scientific conference (name and specified on the cover). The texts contain the results of scientific work of autors in the field of science which is indicated on the cover/
Proceedings of the 8th IEEE Conference on Standardisation and Innovation in Information Technology (SIIT)
The article is dedicated to fiscal incentives for business angels. Business angel, a comparatively new phenomenon in Russia, is defined in the first part of the article. The second part is a research of fiscal incentives intended for private investors in order to encourage them to support small innovative enterprises. The research is based on European and North American experience. Finally, the third part suggests the ways of creating a system of fiscal incentives for business angels in Russia.
UK corporate tax reform, corporate tax in Russia and tax relief system were considered and described in the article. Also it was made an attempt to apply UK experience of innovative activity encouragement through corporate tax regulation to Russian economy.