Who Thinks inside of Me? Some Aspects of Merab Mamardashvili`s Theory of Consciousness
In this article I look at the methodology of one the most unique figures in Russian philosophy –– Merab Mamardašvili –– who was known for his focus on consciousness. According to him, the application of the subject–object dualism to the analysis of consciousness leads to a series of complications. Within the phenomenological framework of intentionality there is an intertwining of perspective and object to which this perspective is directed. As soon as we try to apply to consciousness subject–object schemes, then we immediately come across paradoxes. It is impossible to determine consciousness by means of subject–object, not only because it is neither an object nor a subject, but also because consciousness inevitably turns out to be “prior” to such distinctions.