"Закон" Мандухай-хатун для ойратов и особенности развития монгольского права в "темные века"
The article devoted to so called “edict” of Mandukhai Khatun, Mongolian queen of the second part of 15th c. which was issued after subjugation by her of Oirat tribes. Author analyses the “edict” within the context of development of the Mongolian law during “Dark Ages” (end of 14th–15th cc.) — period poorly covered in sources. Mongolian law during this time was on the decline after the periods of Mongolian and Yuan Empires (1206–1368), there are isolated instances of records of Mongolian laws of this period in sources. That’s why the information about certain edict and especially with text in sources of it is of high value. Author comments the “edict” of Mandulhai Khatun, reveals it ties with Mongolian imperial law as well as new tendencies which became more apparent in the codifications of the end of 16th–18th cc., attempts to explain why text of the “edict” was included in one set of sources and absent in other one.
Present book is the result of the field work conducted in the tribal villages of Nagaland. Author sought to determine whether the social structure and the economic setup of a Naga village changed somehow over the last 88 years since the first publications of the monographs of the first Brithish researchers. Author argues that the social-psychological archetype – tribe – village – khel – patronimy (kiyong) – clan – family – has hardly changed. The tenure and utilization of land stays unalterable. Pursuant to Article 371А, Constitution of India (Special Provision with Respect to the State of Nagaland), customary law is applied within the territory of Nagaland State.
In this article I examine the situation of girls in the North Caucasus, a region that combines features of both a traditional society with its emphasis on the value of religion, family, and older generations, and a modernized society with its emphasis on the economic emancipation of women, and the pursuit of self-development and individual life strategies. The research model used interviews with girls and an analysis of essays written by girls in high school to explore their life values, priorities, and the impact of religion and traditions on their lives. The research also sought to identify girls place in the gender, age, and status hierarchies of local societies. © Berghahn Journals.
The article contains specifics of customary law as legal source in common law countries. In these countries customary law is not only historical legal source, but also contemporary one. Constitutional conventions fulfill a special function in modern law. However, legal doctrine evaluates legal nature of constitutional conventions unequally.
In the XIX century. by the Russian government collected, systematized and studied the rules of customary law Caucasian highlanders (adat). Adat, regulating property relations and to obtain official recognition applied to mountain verbal (folk), village (aul) and arbitral tribunals. Customary law Chechen and Ingush distinguished: the multiplicity of actors, the equality of «their» - members of the indigenous genera (Taipei), the limited capacity of «outsiders», difference rules in the mountains and on plains, low developed separate institutions, low levels of legal technology.
In this paper were examined the concepts of uso and costumbre as they are reflected in the Siete Partidas of Alphonse the Sage of Castile (1252 – 1284). Author analyses the problems of its introduction, principal qualities and procedure of the abrogation of a custom. The special consideration is given to the organic connections existing between the law of medieval Castile and the doctrine of European ius commune.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/