Review of the book: Wilken, Rowan: Teletechnologies, Place, and Community. New York, Routledge, 2011 // Digital Icons: Studies in Russian, Eurasian and Central European New Media, No 9 (2013): 129-133.
In his book, Rowan Wilken, lecturer at the University of Swinburne, Australia, makes an attempt at providing a theoretical frame for a three-dimensional problem: the relation between new technologies, communities and places. His main goal is to sculpt an understanding of the relationship between place and community, both of which are transcended by what he calls 'teletechnologies' such as mobile phones, internet and their eventual derivatives. Looking for ‘productive theoretical possibilities to make sense of the complex interactions and interconnections between teletechnologies, place, and community’ appears to be a very difficult task.
Das Buch ist in mehrer Hinsicht eine Besonderheit: Zunächst erinnert es an den kürzlich verstorbenen Peter Haber, spiritus rector der Idee und Herausgeber posthum gemeinsam mit Eva Pfanzelter, unter Mitarbeit von Julia Schreiner. Zum anderen ist es das erste Buch in der deutschsprachigen Geschichtswissenschaft, das in einem Open Peer Review-Prozess erschienen ist. Zur Erinnerung: vom 10. Oktober bis 10. Dezember 2012 standen 18 Beiträge auf der Oldenbourg-Website zur absatzweisen Kommentierung bereit
This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the ways in which new media technologies have shaped language and communication in contemporary Russia. It traces the development of the Russian-language internet (Runet) from late-Soviet cybernetics to the advent of Twitter and explores the evolution of web-based communication practices, showing how they have both shaped and been shaped by social, political, linguistic and literary realities. Throughout the volume, leading Runet scholars draw attention to features and trends that are characteristic of global new media, as well as those that are more specific to Russian media culture.
This paper provides a conceptual framework for analyzing parallel (or subversive) media activities in Russia that enable Russian media consumers to act independently from official institutionalized sets of rules and constantly violate both traditional rules (based on great state pressure on content) and the globalized capitalist media economy based on commercial interests. These alternative sets of activities can be interpreted either like an entire parallel public sphere where alternative debate is articulated, or like separate parallel activities recompensing supply and demand failures. Two hypotheses are posed by author. The first states that accessibility of media production in general in Russia is a key element of a contemporary social contract. The second hypothesis relates parallel media practices with certain acts of political activism among narrow groups of the population that could not find places for self-expression in the institutionalized media field and use alternative media outlets (especially blogs and another new media) that ultimately constitute the parallel public sphere.
The emergence on the Russian market of new forms of sales and services, like online-shopping, has formed a new sphere of communication - client/customer service to the actual and potential clients/customers by email. This area is actively developing in Russia for the last 10 years. On the basis of the analysis of the examples of e-mails, sent to the real people by the customer services of 115 different companies, the author formulates the main trends of the use of forms of address in this sphere.
This article describes linguistic peculiarities of a column - one of the most popular and scantily explored genres of contemporary journalism. This genre, initially intended for commenting the political events, is undergoing transformation under the influence of non-professional authors, still keeping its basic features.
In this paper we consider choice problems under the assumption that the preferences of the decision maker are expressed in the form of a parametric partial weak order without assuming the existence of any value function. We investigate both the sensitivity (stability) of each non-dominated solution with respect to the changes of parameters of this order, and the sensitivity of the set of non-dominated solutions as a whole to similar changes. We show that this type of sensitivity analysis can be performed by employing techniques of linear programming.