Исидор Севильский как правовед: от римского права к латинскому богословию
Isidore of Seville (560-636) was not a lawer in a strict sense, but it was he, who has given a definition of the terms like "justice", "law" and "equity" in his encyclopaedia "Etymologies". Although in his work he has used the works of Gaius, Paulus and Ulpianus, his approach to a problem of law differs from that of Roman lawers. The Isidore's object is a making of system of strict definitions, found on the etymology. Among his sources we can find not only juridical works, but also Roman literature, biblical texts and patristics studies. Isidore took the Roman law as a part of rhetorical culture. In his works juridical terms have been becoming a language of theology. At last, the bishop of Seville has contributed to the development of the canon law.
This article is dedicated to the II Council of Seville (A.D. 619) and its decisions. This Council was presided over famous Isidore of Seville, a great expert of Classical culture and in particolary in Roman law. Thanks to Isidore the canons of its Council were influenced by the norm of Theodosian Code. In that way the Roman Law became a base of the Canonical Law.
An entry on the first legal school of Roman law in the medieval Bologna (Italy) in the 5th vol. of the Russian historical enciclopedia.
This article is dedicated to the visigothic symphony, incarnated in the last canon of IV council of Toledo, when the Church took a possibility to form an ideology and to influence the reality. TheparticipantsoftheIVcouncilofToledodecreed that a king must be elected by bishops and nobility, and this fact testifies theirs political ambitions. AtonetheChurch (representedby most educated bishops, for example, Isidore of Seville and his disciples) imagines itself as protector of right king. Theparticipantsofcouncil created an ideal of governor, and the real king was obliged to follow it, otherwise he may deprive himself of the Churchs supporting. Butthejustandmerciful king disposed of Churchs defence: and the state criminal, who had encroached upon his life and throne, where anathematized. The ideas, formulated on IV council of Toledo, were developed in the kings code of law (Liber Iudiciorum), promulgated in 654.