Подходы к оценке эффективности модернизации промышленных предприятий и проблема нелинейности времени
In this article key approaches to an assessment of efficiency of processes of modernization of the enterprises are analyzed, the comparative analusis is carried out, the most adequate methods of an assessment of results od development of the enterprises are defined. The author analyzes the existing methodology of an assessment of the functioning of economic systems and proved the need of the analysis of non-linearity of a current of time for economic systems for the assessment of the efficiency of their development.
The article presents the experience of implementation of the Federal Target Programs within the territory of the North Caucuses Federal District and concludes that implementation of the dirigist model only does not ensure the desired result. It is proposed to focus the regional economic policy on development of the direct investment funds. Meanwhile, to take a region to the catching-up development curve requires a combination of the dirigist and institutional economic growth models.
In the article there are reviewed the theoretical aspects in state procurement, the regulatory and legal framework. There is conducted a comparative analysis of the main methods of the state procurement efficiency assessment and identification of their advantages and disadvantages. It is noted that existing methodology doesn’t help to fully achieve savings for customer. There are proposed possible solutions to the problem of budgetary savings in state procurement, particularly through the development of new universal methods of the state procurement efficiency assessment.
Usually DEA methods are used for the assessment of the regions disaster vulnerability. However, most of these methods work with precise values of all the characteristics of the regions. At the same time, in real life, quite often most of the data consists of expert estimates or approximate values. In this regard, we propose to use modified DEA methods, which will take into account inaccuracy of the data. We apply these methods to the evaluation of wildfire preventive measures in regions of the Russian Federation.
The aim of this article is to conduct an empirical investigation and reveal which types of modernisation strategies and characteristics of regional institutional environment are likely to be associated with patterns of the performance of Russian manufacturing firms in 2007–2012. In addition to estimating the impact of ex-ante behaviour on the rate of sales growth, we use hierarchical cluster analysis to reveal the typical trajectories of firms’ sales growth. We find that the dynamic of sales for more than 90% of firms can be described by just two types of performance curve: (a) crisis decline with recovery and growth; and (b) crisis decline with weak recovery and stagnation. Firms that invested more prior to the crisis and implemented active restructuring were more likely to have positive post-crisis dynamics of sales. We find evidence that firms in the regions with lower levels of corruption (both administrative and everyday) were more likely to recover successfully after the crisis.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.