Under the Russia legislation, foreign investment implies all types of property and intellectual assets invested in objects of entrepreneurial and other activities by foreign businessmen for purposes of profit. Greenfield and renovated capital funds and circulating assets in all economic areas, securities, property rights and etc. are regarded as investment objects. This part of the article covers issues of commercial and lending institutions with foreign investment, procedure of their registration, and lists relevant documents. The article also analyses the importance of the adequate legal regulation under Federal law no. 160-FZ of 9 July, 1999 on foreign investment in the Russian Federation and other federal laws, legal enactments and international agreements of the Russian Federation.
In many countries, including Russia, models of bilateral investment treaties (or models BIT) have been approved, on the basis of which specific treaties between different countries are then concluded. In this article, the author examines several «schools» of bilateral investment treaties: American, European, and Asian. The study is based on an analysis of the practice of concluding bilateral investment treaties by foreign countries.
The main idea of this article is focused on the new phase of the state programs of investment treaties, which includes the analysis of new models of bilateral investment treaties and invalid old models of treaties of this kind. It ends up with an assessment of the effect which new models BIT can produce on future investment contractual relations between economic entities and the receiving investments of states.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/