Spaser Spectroscopy with Subwavelength Spatial Resolution
We propose a method for high-sensitivity subwavelength spectromicroscopy based on the usage of a spaser (plasmonic nanolaser) in the form of a scanning probe microscope tip. The high spatial resolution is defined by plasmon localization at the tip, as is the case for apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy. In contrast to the latter method, we suggest using radiationless plasmon pumping with quantum dots instead of irradiation with an external laser beam. Due to absorption at the transition frequencies of neighboring nano-objects (molecules or clusters), dips appear in the plasmon generation spectrum. The highest sensitivity is achieved near the generation threshold.
The development of active and passive plasmonic devices is challenging due to the high level of dissipation in normal metals. One possible solution to this problem is using alternative materials. Graphene is a good candidate for plasmonics in the near-infrared region. In this paper, we develop a quantum theory of a graphene plasmon generator. We account for quantum correlations and dissipation effects, thus we are able to describe such regimes of a quantum plasmonic amplifier as a surface plasmon emitting diode and a surface plasmon amplifier using stimulated radiation emission. Switching between these generation types is possible in situ with a variance of the graphene Fermi level. We provide explicit expressions for dissipation and interaction constants through material parameters, and we identify the generation spectrum and the second-order correlation function, which predicts the laser statistics.
The detection of ultra-low concentration at the level of single molecules has practical importance with regard to the detection of clinically relevant biomarkers in blood serum. The early detection of several diseases, including coronary artery disease, demands detection of corresponding biomolecules at a single-molecule-level.
Description of batch piezo actuators, formulas for calculation of absolute and relative deformations in first and second approximation are brought. Example of modification of machine methods for more accurate calculation of anisotropic solids and more specifically of piezo ceramics is shown. Triaxial piezo actuator solution is suggested and it’s work scheme is described. Disadvantages of batch piezo actuators and methods of their removal are shown
Heat pipes application in nanotechnological equipment is considered on examples of probe movement manipulators. Approaches to improvements of manipulators for effective heat extraction from operating area are shown.
A novel type of spaser with the net amplification of surface plasmons (SPs) in a doped graphene nanoribbon is proposed. The plasmons in the THz region can be generated in a doped graphene nanoribbon due to nonradiative excitation by emitters like two level quantum dots located along a graphene nanoribbon. The minimal population inversion per unit area, needed for the net amplification of SPs in a doped graphene nanoribbon, is obtained. The dependence of the minimal population inversion on the surface plasmon wave vector, graphene nanoribbon width, doping, and damping parameters necessary for the amplification of surface plasmons in the armchair graphene nanoribbon is studied.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.