The significance of rational dialogue between believers and secular citizens, which has been offered by J. Habermas, becomes unquestioned because of increase of religion’s activeness in the public sphere. But “postmetaphysical” solution of this problem has been criticized by B. Trainor, D. Uzlaner and other researchers. The paper deals with the strategies of philosophizing, which let to interpret the metaphysics as the discovery of some structures of understanding. This way can avoid some quasi-scientific ambitions of postsecular philosophy as well as the ethical and epistemological relativism.
This paper deals with L. Wittgenstein’s philosophy of language. Author examines the legitimacy of Wittgenstein’s ideas for contemporary pragmatism and references for his philosophy in H. Putnam’s late works. The seeming contradictions between the theories of two philosophers are demonstrated. Nevertheless, it is argued that Wittgenstein’s epistemology and ontology has intellectual relevance for Putnam’s project. The late concepts worked out in «Philosophical Investigations» are the key ones for interpretation of realism in Putnam’s way.
Realism about the Self admits existence of the Self as a self-subsistent and independent entity – as a Cartesian ego. Being a kind of mental realism, realism about the Self relies on some phenomenology of the Self. There are two main strategies of refuting realism about the Self. The first strategy is based on reductive physicalism and scientific realism in the Sellarsian sense. The second strategy which can be called linguistic has as its starting point late L. Wittgenstein’s considerations concerning the grammar of the pronoun «I». In the paper advantages and weaknesses of the linguistic refutation of realism about the Self are investigated.
The paper is devoted to the problem of rehabilitation of metaphysics in the contemporary analytic philosophy. It traces the connection of analytic metaphysics with Aristotelian and Kantian approaches to this subject; it also marks its main features and demonstrates a new understanding of realism in analytic philosophy.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.