Undistinguishing Statistics of Objectively Distinguishable Objects: Thermodynamics and Superfluidity of Classical Gas
In the present paper, we describe an approach to thermodynamics that does not involve Bogolyubov chains or Gibbs ensembles. We present isotherms, isochores, and isobars of various pure gases, as well as binodals, i.e., lines along which gas becomes liquid, and spinodals (endpoints of isotherms). We study supercritical phenomena for values of temperature and pressure above the critical ones. A lot of attention is paid to the region of negative pressures. The superfluid component for supercritical phenomena is described, as well as the thermodynamics of nanostructures and superfluidity in nanotubes.