Оценка влияния информационно-коммуникационных технологий на логистические затраты
The search and design of links between the company’s performance indices and results of logistics activity nowadays is a relevant tool for increasing competitiveness of Russian companies. Situations when influence of certain logistics costs groups on financial performance indices is underestimated occur considerably often. These cases imply a huge amount of financial resources involved. Thus, the attempt of designing analytical models to assess the correlation between logistics and business performance indices is a relevant issue requiring further investigation and improvement. The article gives analysis of Russian and foreign literature sources devoted to the topic studied; identifies main trends and determines a possible way for further investigations. The article has analytical models to assess the influence of different logistics costs groups on ROI (return on investment) index; numerical example is provided.
The purpose of this research is to develop a model for optimising total logistics costs of a trading company. To achieve the aim, a logistics system has been analysed and, as a result, major subsystems, logistics processes and most substantial logistics costs have been identified. The results of the analysis have been used to elaborate conceptual and structural optimisation models. They have been further used to develop a mathematical model considering both direct and indirect costs. The mathematical model has been tested numerically, so a table model has been worked out. The research has resulted in a Boolean linear programming model for determining the values of the indicators of the order cycle time and stock level, ensuring optimal total logistics costs of a trading company. Strategic objectives have been decomposed into the goals of individual departments, expressed with the target values of the indicators of lead time and cargo turnover.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management