Оценка влияния информационно-коммуникационных технологий на логистические затраты
The paper considers the problems related to accounting, control and analysis of logistics costs both at the global level (country, industry) and at the level of an individual company that is of highly topicality in the context of different approaches comparison and best logistics solutions identified. The analysis of international accounting practices and classification of logistics costs in the supply chain are conducted. In particular, the article considers the unique experience of assessing logistics costs during controlling of logistics in renowned German consulting companies ZLU and Barkawi Management Consultants GmbH & CoKG. It is shown the importance of comparing the existing international system of estimating the total logistics costs, as the last metric is the main indicator of processes effectiveness in the supply chains. It is studied the principles and methodological approaches of structuring logistics costs, the requirements of information collection and the costs dynamics of non-industrial companies in Europe. A review and comparative analysis of possible approaches to the assessment of logistics costs used in the works of domestic scientists are provided. It is posed practical recommendations for monitoring and analyzing of logistics costs in Russia at macro and micro level as well as it is signified the problems of total costs components evaluation in supply chains of Russian companies.
Globalization of the business and integration of transport systems of certain countries into world's common transport system has required an intensive development of international transport corridors (ITC) through which the major freight traffic is made. In accordance with the Transport strategy of Russian Federation for the period till 2030 year, creation of ITC in the territory of Russia should be focused on using its beneficiary geographical position for the purpose of extending of transport services export, including handling of transit freights of the third counties.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management