Городские агломерации в России: институциональные ограничения развития
Issues connected with the development of urban agglomerations in Russia are treated. Problems of legal and organizational type hindering the process are examined.
The paper estimates productivity agglomeration effects for manufacturing plants located within the Russian urban agglomeration. The last was defined as a central city and other towns located within the distance of 50 km from the central city. The data employed is the survey data collected by HSE in the year of 2009. We estimated the multilevel models. The results imply that location within the urban agglomeration is always significantly and positively associated with the higher productivity of the manufacturing plants, while local economic diversification provides an explanation for the power of agglomeration forces. The city size affects positively the productivity only outside urban agglomerations, thus providing evidence that specialization and interaction of economic agents in the dense economic space allow to overcome the negative side of location in a small town.
Examples of research, statistical supervision and management of development of city agglomerations in the several developed countries are considered. Directions of use of foreign experience in planning and management of the St.-Petersburg agglomeration are revealed
The paper provides an overview of theorizing on the cross-border governance concept. Based on the literature review, the author reveals that albeit the determiner of the whole term is “governance”, the managerial remarks on it are few and fragmented while the majority of definitions demonstrate clear Political Science slant. The heterogeneity of interpretations is explained by the complex multidimensional nature of studied phenomenon and attempts to explore it from standpoints of various disciplines. The emergence of the idea of coordinative governance beyond the borders is described as a result of the evolutionary process of understanding the contact function of the borderlands. Border regions and border municipalities are named the chief initiators of project work to implement governance beyond the borders. Taking into consideration peculiarities, advantages and limitations of managerial practices on the sub-national and local level, the author stresses the need for further research and conceptualization of cross-border governance.