Модернизация советской целлюлозно-бумажной промышленности в 1953 - 1964 гг.: Случай Энсо-Светогорска
Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2013. № 3. С. 13-42.
This paper deals with the transfer of Western technologies during Nikita Khrushchev’s
program of industrial modernization. One of the focuses of this program was on the pulp and
paper industry, an important but outdated branch of the Soviet economy. In order to improve
the technology as well as to increase production, the Soviet leadership had to apply for
Western help. As “a capitalist friend” of the Soviet Union during the Cold War, Finland
played a key role in providing the country with Western technologies. In this article, I ask
whether technology transfer assisted Russia’s modernization goals in the context of the Cold
War. I focus on the example of a single factory in its broader context. Examining the activities
of Enso/Svetogorsk, initially a Finnish factory annexed by the Soviet Union in 1944, I explore
two cases of technology transfer through the lens of Thomas Hughes’s theorization of the
interaction between social, technological, and resource factors.
Технологическая модернизация в СССР в 1950-е - 1960-е гг. (на примере Светогорского Целлюлозно-бумажного комбината)
, Вестник Пермского университета. Серии: История и Политология 2014 Т. 24 № 1 С. 194-205
The paper deals with history of Soviet technological modernization during the Khrushchev period. Focusing on a large pulp and paper plant in the near-border industrial settlement Svetogorsk, it investigates how local actors, or engineers and workers, perceived the project of modernization. The chosen enterprise in one of large industrial areas of the Soviet North-West was ...
Added: September 3, 2014
'From Chips to Pulp in Minutes': Innovations and Continuous Pulp Cooking in the Soviet Union in the 1940s-1950s
, / Basic Research Programme. Series HUM "Humanities". 2014.
The 1940s – mid-1960s saw rapid developments in the chemical and cellulose industries internationally. In this period, a number of attempts to introduce new technologies were taken by industrial scientists and engineers, some of which happened in different countries simultaneously. In the late 1930s, Swedish engineer Johan Richter proposed the Kamyr digester project to industrialists, ...
Added: March 28, 2015
The Soviet Forestry Industry in the 1950s and 1960s: A Project of Modernization and Technology Transfer from Finland
, Helsinki : University of Helsinki, 2017
This book is a doctoral dissertation. It is devoted to technology transfer from the West (primarily from Finland) to the Soviet forestry industry during a period of rapid modernization under the rule of Nikita Khrushchev during the 1950s and 1960s.This dissertation examines the role that technology transfer from the other side of the Iron Curtain played ...
Added: May 18, 2017
Industry and Forests: alternative raw materials in the Soviet forestry industry from the mid-1950s to the 1960s
, Environment and History 2018 Vol. 24 No. 3 P. 323-347
The article examines the history of using wood and timber wastes and annual plants as well as in the Soviet Union from the 1950s to the1960s. In the middle of the twentieth century, century Soviet leadership, producers, and scientists expressed their anxiety about the lack of forests near pulp and paper plants, and started looking ...
Added: September 6, 2016
, , in : Encyclopédie pour une histoire nouvelle de l'Europe [en ligne]. : [б.и.], 2016.
The evolution of the exploitation of forests in Finland followed the logic of state and private firms. It was also characterized by the importance of technology transfers, which accompany major evolutions in this crucial activity for the country and put Finland at the crossroads of multiple influences and actors’ initiatives. ...
Added: July 13, 2016
, History and Technology 2015 Vol. 31 No. 2 P. 108-132
In the years before and after the Second World War, chemical and related industries in a variety of countries experienced a surge in innovation and development. Industrial scientists and engineers put their efforts toward developing new technologies and experimented with manufacturing new products for civilian and military use. As a result, the pulp and paper ...
Added: October 16, 2015
, Bulletin des Deutschen Historischen Instituts Moskau 2013 № 7 С. 75-92
В статье рассматривается проблема переноса зарубежных технологий из Финляндии в советскую экономику в 1953 - 1964 гг. ...
Added: November 15, 2013
Новая советская территория» (Карельский перешеек и Северное Приладожье) в советско-финляндском научно-техническом сотрудничестве в 1956-1963 гг.
, В кн. : Труды исторического факультета Санкт-Петербургского государственного университета. Т. 12: Матвей Кузьмич Любавский: к 150-летию ученого.: СПб. : Издательство СПбГУ, 2013. С. 287-298.
The paper deals with the problem of Soviet-Finnish scientific-technical cooperation in the mid-1950s - mid-1960s as well as the role of specialists who worked in the "new Soviet area" of the Karelian Peninsula and Ladoga Karelia which became a part of the USSR after the Soviet-Finnish war in 1941-1944. The article examies the mechanisms of ...
Added: October 17, 2014
Soviet Industrial Production and Waste Dispersal: A Case Study of Pulp and Paper Plants on the Karelian Isthmus, 1940s-1980s
, , Scandinavian Economic History Review 2019 Vol. 67 No. 3 P. 269-282
This article examines the industrial wastes and environmental effects of Soviet technological development through the history of the Karelian Isthmus, a border territory that had previously been Finnish. Focusing primarily on the history of two large enterprises – the Svetogorskii (former Enso) and Sovetskii (former Johannes) pulp and paper making plants, the authors illustrate the ...
Added: January 24, 2019
Роль Главного Вакуфного Управления в советизации мусульманского образования и становлении советской сети школ в Туркестане
, Islamology 2018 Т. 8 № 1 С. 57-77
The article sheds light on a still poorly studied problem of how traditional Islamic education was initially modernized in the context of buildingof the Soviet school in Turkestan in the 1920s. The focus is made on ashort history of the so-called Waqf Supreme Office that was charged with administration and management of state secular and ...
Added: October 14, 2019
The Death of “Socialism with a Latvian Face”: The Purge of the Latvian National Communists, July 1959–1962
, Journal of Baltic Studies 2016
Added: October 5, 2016
, Политика и общество 2013 № 11 С. 1369-1380
The article is devoted to the origin, main historical phases of development and modern status of the democratic political regime in Great Britain. The author raises a question about the need in improvement and transformation of modern democracy and outlines the main problems and challenges for democracy today. Based on the example of Great Britain, the author analyzes ...
Added: January 28, 2014
, Известия Пензенского государственного педагогического университета им. В.Г. Белинского. Гуманитарные науки 2012 № 27 С. 564-573
В статье показано, как становление советского модернизационного проекта отражалось на пищевой культуре и практике советских людей, претерпевая изменения вместе с каждым серьезным поворотом социально-экономической политики государства в 1920-30 гг. ...
Added: November 25, 2012
, , , Russia in Global Affairs 2012 Т. 10 № 6 С. 82-96
Siberia should re-evaluate its place and role, and start developing itself as an element of the global economy, similar to what the eastern U.S. states did several decades ago and China’s coastal provinces did recently. ...
Added: February 19, 2013
, Ab imperio 2017
Added: December 14, 2016
, Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История" 2012 № 7(15) С. 40-41
The paper deals with transfer of Western technologies into the Soviet forestry concentrating on the area of Karelian Peninsula and Ladoga Karelia in 1953 - 1964. The area was a center in the Nikita Khrushchev`s modernization as there were several large factories which produced pulp and paper. Specialists from the factories were sent to Finland ...
Added: December 7, 2012
Инновационно-технологическое взаимодействие оборонной индустрии и гражданского сектора в США: исторический опыт и актуальные тенденции
, , Вестник Московского университета. Серия 25: Международные отношения и мировая политика 2016 Т. 8 № 3 С. 29-51
Military industrial complex played a leading role in technological development during several post-World War II decades in all major economies. Many technological innovations became possible primarily because of a generous financial and organization support from the government. Large defense contracts facilitated an establishment and a rapid growth of high-tech industries (information and communication industry, in ...
Added: February 8, 2017
, Научный эксперт 2011 № 12 С. 62-71
Опираясь на отечественный и зарубежный опыт, автор пытается показать влияние социальной политики советского периода на становление и развитие социального государства на разных его этапах в ведущих странах Запада, а также последствия разрушения СССР для современного состояния и перспектив социального государства в мире. ...
Added: March 6, 2013
, Latvijas Vēstures Institūta Žurnāls 2016 Vol. 100 No. 3 P. 113-139
Added: October 5, 2016
, , , Социологическое обозрение 2018 Т. 17 № 2 С. 173-194
Football has become much more than a simple game over the past hundred years. Football has become a factor in global policy, affecting not only the minds and souls of hundreds of millions of fans, but also the political, economic, and social aspects of modern life. This interview with M. Prozumshchikov, the leading researcher of Russian ...
Added: July 3, 2018
От СССР к РФ: 20 лет – итоги и уроки. Материалы Всероссийской научной конференции (Москва, 25 ноября 2011 г.)
М. : Научный эксперт, 2012
Издание материалов конференции с максимальной подробностью передает накал дискуссий, происходивших во время работы этого научного форума. На обсуждение были вынесены такие темы, как «Парадокс СССР: распад страны на вершине исторического могущества. Внутренние и внешние причины»; «Цели, результаты и будущее постсоветского реформирования»; «Мир без СССР». Издание адресовано обществоведам, работникам государственных органов, преподавателям, аспирантам и студентам. ...
Added: October 3, 2012
, Quaestio Rossica 2018 Т. VI № 1 С. 185-206
This article considers the applicability of the concept of backwardness which was one of the basic concepts of both Russian and Western historiography of prerevolutionary Russia until the late 20th century and resulted from the constant comparison of Russia with the conventional ‘West’. On the one hand, modern historiography is characterised by a ‘normalisation’ of Russian history, i.e. attempts to ...
Added: May 1, 2018
, Вопросы философии 2018 № 4 С. 22-31
The Russian revolution is a process of ambiguous modernization (since the end of the 19th century), which is still not institutionally completed. The key moment was the events of 2017. Their result was the coming to power of the Bolshevik Party, the Civil War, the formation of the political regime, which gave the very traumatic ...
Added: October 15, 2018
, Российская история 2018 № 3 С. 33-44
The article shows that the model of exogenous modernization, which Russia chose after 1855, was untenable because it was based on preserving the estate system, isolating the peasantry from civil rights, and also on the anti-capitalist and anti-bourgeois sentiments of the government as a whole of society. A positive turn in the development of the ...
Added: November 28, 2018