• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site

Article

Модернизация советской целлюлозно-бумажной промышленности в 1953 - 1964 гг.: Случай Энсо-Светогорска

This paper deals with the transfer of Western technologies during Nikita Khrushchev’s
program of industrial modernization. One of the focuses of this program was on the pulp and
paper industry, an important but outdated branch of the Soviet economy. In order to improve
the technology as well as to increase production, the Soviet leadership had to apply for
Western help. As “a capitalist friend” of the Soviet Union during the Cold War, Finland
played a key role in providing the country with Western technologies. In this article, I ask
whether technology transfer assisted Russia’s modernization goals in the context of the Cold
War. I focus on the example of a single factory in its broader context. Examining the activities
of Enso/Svetogorsk, initially a Finnish factory annexed by the Soviet Union in 1944, I explore
two cases of technology transfer through the lens of Thomas Hughes’s theorization of the
interaction between social, technological, and resource factors.