Грозящая рецессия и как с ней бороться?: эмпирический анализ российских реалий и мирового опыта
To elevate forecasting precision of bankruptcy models the impact of macroeconomic factors on the company's operation has to be considered as well as financial indicators transformed and multidimensional logit analysis made. Besides, differences in the stages of bankruptcy process play an important role.
Favourable tax climate is one of the factors of a country's investment attractiveness. Any changes in fiscal policy can result in decrease (or increase) in inflow of capital investments - both private domestic and foreign direct ones. The article dwells on the expedience of profit tax, which is characterized by low budget's earnings generation and high costs of legislation observance. It is underscored that the major emerging disadvantage of this investment regulation instrument is the transfer of tax burden to individuals through growth of prices, reduction in employee pay and return on capital. The author points to the fact that government interventionism may significantly decrease the volumes of direct investments. Consideration is given to the influence of taxation on private investments via labor market channels, savings sector and household consumption.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.