К вопросу о качестве решений в задачах выбора транспортного средства при многих критериях
The problem of a choice of the vehicle is formalized for the first time as a problem of optimization of the decision at many criteria. Problem points which correspond to tasks of this kind are allocated and are reflected in quality of the chosen decision. Opportunity to provide high quality of procedures of a choice of the vehicle, both on the basis of use of processes of analytical hierarchy, and on the basis of their synthesis with other criteria developed in the theory of a choice is proved.
For the task of managing contracts in the supply chain in terms of choosing the optimal contract model, the article for the first time presents the procedures of optimization at many criteria. The paper shows that such a format of the model allows to take into account pure risks that can be formalized as private individual criteria. In this case, they can be taken into account in a special format for presenting estimates of particular criteria. As such a format, the article discusses a method of presenting them corresponding to a generalized selection criteria. For this approach, the article presents optimization procedures for choosing the type of contract based on traditional selection methods. The article illustrates that this approach may lead to different solutions for the alternatives that expands the tools for adapting optimization procedures to the preferences of the decision maker. For the first time the paper proves that according to the format of the selection criterion for the geometric mean (and the same for the multiplication criterion), the transition to the format of generalized data does not change the best choice and ranking of alternatives. The appropriate modeling results are presented within the framework of the pure risk concept.
Consideration of the supply chain from the point of view of objective understanding as a set of individuals and legal entities, interacting specifically and precisely in material, financial and information flows, presupposes the availability of a tool for fixing the rules for interaction of such parties. Such a tool already exists, it is a contract / agreement / agreement of the parties. It is the contract model of the supply chain that is of great importance in the process of value formation of the product, as it can be considered as a legal documental basis for mutual arrangements for the supply chain. The tasks of contract management in the supply chain regarding the choice of the optimal contract model are formalized it the paper for the first time as decision-making tasks under many criteria. This format of models allows to take into account risks that can be formalized in the form of separate individual criteria. It is shown that a dimensionality phenomenon is associated with problems of this type, which can be eliminated on the basis of a transition to new formats for the presentation of estimates of particular criteria: 1) the format of generalized selection criteria; 2) to the standardized form of the problem of choice. For both of these approaches, formalizations of the tasks of multicriteria choice of the contract model are formalized.
The purpose of the work is to draw attention to the possibility of improving quality making decisions related to the optimization of transport provision of supplies, if they are accepted according to many criteria, and in the conditions of transition to modern digital technologies. Situations are discussed when the format of tasks optimization can cause the impact of a number of undesirable phenomena inadequate choice. Approaches are considered that allow to eliminate the following phenomena: 1) inconsistency of optimization directions for partial criteria; 2) inconsistency in the nature of their indicators; 3) inconsistency order of values of estimates of partial criteria; 4) inconsistency in their format views (e.g., annual figures, figures per shipment, per unit of goods). It is proposed to use the synthesis of procedures in such situations traditional selection criteria with analytical hierarchy processes.
In this research, which is important for the applications of logistics and supply chain operation, task of choosing a vehicle is considered as the multicriteria optimization problem. On the example of a simplified model of the car choice it is shown that in solving this type of problems by the traditional methods of the multicriteria optimization theory, managers always need to consider the specifics descibed in the paper.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management