The dangerous Russian other in Ukrainian conspiratorial discourse: Media representations of the Odessa tragedy
This study investigates the outburst of anti-Americanism among Russian Internet users during the Russia-Georgia military crisis of 2008. The paper analyzes the discussions of Washington Post articles at the Washington Post Internet forum and the Foreign Media Russian Internet site. This study shows that, despite numerous attempts by Russian users to deliver their messages to the American readers, their postings were ignored by the American users and global dialogue did not occur. It is this exclusion from the conversation, together with the denigration of Russia by writers in the United States that led to the intensification of anti-American sentiments among the Russians. The study makes clear that for the establishment of effective global public spheres access to new communication technologies and knowledge of English are inadequate, unless accompanied by the willingness to listen to others and a desire to understand them.
This paper examines how selected Ukrainian news media - three television channels, one newspaper, and one Internet site - framed the nation's political crisis of 2000-2001. Dominant media frames and framing devices were identified through content analysis of 829 news stories. Frames were compared across these news outlets as well as across different time periods to analyze the role of framing in public deliberation. The study revealed the strong influence of ideology in the way that different Ukrainian media framed controversy and thus distorted the deliberative process. The two main patters of framing included overt propaganda and hidden manipulation. Metaphors and depictions that exploited cultural values and past political events were the dominant framing devices identified.
It has been argued that the advent of transnational media technologies leads to the formation of a global public sphere. By means of framing analysis, this article examines whether signs of global public deliberation were present in American and Ukrainian media coverage of the Russia-Georgia military conflict of 2008. To embrace the range of ideas presented in the Ukrainian and American public spheres, several popular national dailies and weeklies were selected for analysis. The study has revealed notable difference in ways American and Ukrainian media defined the crisis, interpreted its causes, and recommended treatment. American periodicals predominantly blamed Russia and meditated upon the possibility of deterring it by means of NATO expansion. Ukrainian news outlets, depending on their cultural orientation, destributed blame between Russia and Georgia, the United States, and entire Western world. Neither of Ukrainian periodicals considered NATO membership as a remedy against Russian aggressiveness. The study has revealed that pro-Russian views popular in Ukraine were ignored by American media, opinions of pro-Russian publics were excluded from the war-related American discourse.