La présence des auteurs russes dans la revue catholique belge d’action sociale ‘La Cité Chrétienne’ (1926-1940) : enjeux idéologiques
The reception of Russian literature in the French-speaking world since the end of the XIXth century is not a phenomenon strictly related to France. Indeed, the role of Belgium in this process illustrates some specificities, as is shown in the example of « La Cité Chrétienne », a periodical of Catholic, Christian-Democrat orientation. The presence of different ideologies makes the « Russian question » very delicate, especially in the cases of Vladimir Soloviev and Alexandre Pouchkine. Translations of their work in French and critical works about them reveal a phenomenon of appropriation by mediators like princess Zinaïda Shakhovskoy or Michel D’Herbigny, a catholic bishop. The reception of Russian literature is also complexified by many considerations related to the discussions on the fascist and communist movements, which appear in the periodical within the context of the Personalist movement, an ideology which was developing in France at that time.