ИСТОЧНИКИ НОВЫХ ИНДУСТРИЙ. ВЫПУСК 3. ИСКУССТВЕННЫЙ ИНТЕЛЛЕКТ В ПРОМЫШЛЕННОСТИ Экспертно-аналитический доклад
This report was prepared jointly by the Center for Strategic Research “North-West” and the Innovations and Youth Initiatives Support Fund of St. Petersburg and the Association “Artificial Intelligence in Industry” with the support of the Government of St. Petersburg. The basis was the Foresight project “Frontiers in New Sciences”. The aim of the project was to identify longterm trends and prospects for the development of new industrial and technological markets; to identify on this basis the most promising areas of research and development in the so-called “frontier” areas of R&D — advanced chemistry, synthetic biology, artificial intelligence and environmentally friendly industrial technologies. The methodological basis of the project is based on the analysis of the results of a foresight session with the participation of leading and young scientists, the processing of scientific data, a series of interviews with leading researchers, the evaluation of strategies of large industrial concerns. The report consists of four sections, which include: — risks of AI industry development in the current environment; — the impact of artificial intelligence technologies on the current technological paradigm and modes of production; — necessary measures to launch programs for the reengineering of AI hardware and software; — St. Petersburg's role as a center of expertise in artificial intelligence. The report describes the main factors in the development of advanced AI technologies: 1) one of the most important growth drivers of the artificial intelligence market is manufacturing; 2) the main frontier tasks for AI science lie in the area of computing and data handling; 3) development of AI technologies in Russia depends on the availability of its own hardware and software. The results of the project formed the basis of the activities of the Association “Artificial Intelligence in Industry”.