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Статья

职业教育国家专业教学标准建设:俄罗斯的经验与启示

Modern Education Management. 2021. No. 7. P. 121-128.
Lin Y., Romanova O., Shi W.

The construction of VET (Vocational Education and Training) National Professional Teaching Standards is of great significance for standardizing school teaching, deepening curriculum reform and improving education quality.However, there are still many shortcomings in the current construction of VET National Professional Teaching Standards. It is necessary to learn from the experience of other countries, and further reflect on questions about“how to develop”and“how to implement”. The Federal State Educational Standards for VET in Russia are competence-based. Its development institutions work together well with their own clear responsibilities, and the development process is strict and explicit, forming a unified and top-down implementation path of educational standards at all levels. For China, we should promote VET National Professional Teaching Standards to align with the corresponding Professional Standards, and realize the integration of professional attribute and educational attribute; adjust the organizations or institutions of VET National Professional Teaching Standards, and improve the development mechanism; emphasize the minimum requirements of learning outcomes, and form a system of VET standards combining national unity and local flexibility.