Modern emigration from Russia: information sources and approaches to the assessment
The article discusses the features of tmigration from Russian Federation during 1990-2010-ies, that is, after collapse of the USSR. Identifed singularity-of modern accounting system of tmigration from Russia and are given real-estimate of the number of Russian immigrants based on correction data of Federal Service of State Statistics data from countries receiving Russian migrants. Identified geographical features of the settlement of immigrants from Russia, as well factory, contributing to the formation of the Russian-speaking communities abroad. Identified six types of identity that allows a rough estimation of the number of Russian-speaking communities. The article explains the term "Russian-speaking communities" instead of the term "Russian diaspora", which is supported by the results of empirical statistical and sociological studies. Russian-speaking community considered as a factor in the future capable of providing a stable functioning and developmentof the Russian economy and the state. However, it was concluded that at present, the Russian-speaking community resource is undervalued by the Russian state, and diasporal policy is ineffective.