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Статья

Conceptions of happiness and life satisfaction: An exploratory study in 14 national groups

Personality and Individual Differences. 2016. Vol. 102. No. November . P. 145-148.
Joshanloo M., Rizwan M., Khilji I., Ferreira M., Poon W., Sundaram S., Ho L., Yeung V., Han G., Bae J., Demir M., Achoui M., Pang J., Jiang D., Lamers S., Turan Y., Lepshokova Z., Panyusheva T., Natalia A., Asano R., Igarashi T., Tsukamoto S.

Highlights

 

We used a sample consisting of university students from 14 cultures.

Four conceptions of happiness emerged from principal component analysis on a 19-item scale.

Relationships between conceptions of happiness and life satisfaction were examined.

Multi-level modeling showed that self-transcendence and conservation predicted life satisfaction positively.

Self-directed hedonism interacted with self-enhancement in predicting life satisfaction.

 

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between 4 conceptions of happiness and life satisfaction in a sample of 2715 university students across 14 national groups. The 4 conceptions were self-transcendence, self-directed hedonism, conservation, and self-enhancement, which emerged from a principal component analysis of a 19-item scale generated for the purpose of the present study. Results of multi-level modeling showed that self-transcendence and conservation predicted life satisfaction positively and significantly. In addition, we found that self-directed hedonism and self-enhancement interacted in their effects on life satisfaction.