На протяжении десятилетий управление, оценка и финансирование в вузах стран Советского Союза производились по единым принципам. Нынешняя система не похожа на прежнюю. Однако трудовые договоры профессорско-преподавательского состава – ключевой элемент в деятельности любого вуза – по-прежнему имеют много общего. В то время как эта статья основывается на детальных данных по академической профессии, в Армении, Казахстане, Латвии и России, описанные тенденции в некоторой степени распространяются на все страны СНГ.
Добавлено: 10 ноября 2012
Lovakov A. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. WP BRP 30/PSY/2014.
The aim of this study is to examine the specific antecedents and consequences of the commitment of university teachers to their university. Academia has specific features that distinguish universities from other types of organizations: universities have the opportunity to hire their own graduates (academic inbreeding); university teachers are able to work in several higher education institutions or combine teaching with work in business; university teachers have the opportunity to combine several professional roles (teaching, administrative work, research, etc.); university teachers have several options to change their job; publication activity is an important indicator of the efficiency and competitiveness of university teachers. This study is an online survey of 317 teachers of different disciplines from several types of state higher education institutions from different regions of Russia. The results of the regression analysis show that antecedents of affective commitment include belonging to a group of insiders (working in university from which they graduated), having an additional administrative position, role clarity, and role conflict. Structural equation modelling shows that an additional administrative position had a direct positive effect and an indirect negative effect (through role conflict) on the affective commitment to the university. Having work experience at another university predicts only a normative commitment to the university. The affective component of commitment to the university was a better negative predictor of the intention to leave the position, profession and institution. No components of the commitment predict publication activity.
Добавлено: 20 января 2015
Smolentseva A. Journal of the Professoriate. 2011. Vol. 4. No. 2. P. 68-94.
Добавлено: 15 октября 2014
Under Pressure: Transformation of Academic Work and Discourse in a Globally-Oriented Russian University: Case of National Research University Higher School of Economics
Gruzdev I., Abramov R., Terentev E. Higher Education in Russia and Beyond. 2016. No. 1(7). P. 18-19.
Добавлено: 2 апреля 2016
The literature on the consequences of academic inbreeding shows ambiguous results: some papers show that inbreeding positively influences research productivity, measured in the quantity and quality of publications, while others show the opposite effect. There are contradictory results both in studies of different countries and within countries. Such a variety of results makes it impossible to transfer the findings from one academic system to another, and in Russia this problem has been under explored. This paper focuses on the relationship between inbreeding and publication activity among Russian faculty members. The results, using Russian data from the Changing Academic Profession survey, showed no substantial effect of academic inbreeding on research productivity. Inbred and non-inbred faculty members do not differ substantially in terms of the probability of having publications, or how many, although for inbreds such probability is slightly higher. These results are robust for different operationalizations of inbreeding and measures of publication activity. However the absence of significant differences in the number of publications may not mean the absence of a difference in their quality. The possible explanations and limitations of the standard measures of research productivity are discussed.
Добавлено: 10 мая 2016
La globalización y la educaciòn superior en Rusia. La imposición de la desigualdad en la profesión académica
Smolentseva A. In bk.: La Profesión Académica en la Globalización: seis países, seis experiencias.Biblioteca de la Educación Superior. Mexico: Asociación Nacional de Universidades e Instituciones de Educación Superior, 2009. P. 223-260.
Добавлено: 16 октября 2014