Tense-Aspect Abstraction in Russian-Speaking Children in the Early Stages of Native Language Acquisition
НИУ ВШЭ , 2013. No. WP BRP 01/LNG/2013.
Akhapkina Y., Akhapkina Y. E.
Children, while acquiring their native language, move from linking all their utterances to the “here and now” to more abstract speech structures. The categorical situation reflected in children’s speech develops as they gain more speech experience and as their language system and communicative competencies become established. The transition from the semantics of temporal localization to the semantics of temporal non-localization is gradual. The acquisition of the category of personal attribution and the gradual evolution of understanding of its deictic nature, which happens in parallel with the formation of the meaning of iterativeness, contributes to the detailization of the types of the latter. The individual strategies of acquiring a language demonstrated by different children has an influence on the specific timing of the learning and internalizing of tense-aspect category and on the level of a child’s progress in acquiring new levels of semantics of a language.
, , , Slavic and East European Journal 2017 Vol. 61 No. 4 P. 844-875
We ask whether the aspect of individual verbs can be predicted based on the statistical distribution of their inflectional forms and how this is influenced by genre. To address these questions, we present an analysis of the “grammatical profiles” (relative frequency distributions of inflectional forms) of three samples of verbs extracted from the Russian National ...
Added: October 27, 2017
, , , Language Acquisition 2013
Aspect processing and its interaction with time reference production and comprehension has been a point of interest of theoretical linguistics, psycholinguistics as well as neurolinguistic research. The present study indispensably takes into account all three perspectives addressing the question of aspect and time reference comprehension in Russian language in its relation with the analogous neurolinguistic ...
Added: December 17, 2013
, , et al., International Journal of Bilingualism 2019 Vol. 23 No. 1 P. 275-295
The impact of second language (L2) on first language (L1), known as L2 transfer, has been suggested as a fundamental driving force of L1 attrition. The goal of this study was to test the differential attrition of verb aspect and tense in L1 (Russian) under the influence of L2 (German) grammatical properties. We also investigated ...
Added: October 25, 2014
, Acta Linguistica Petropolitana. Труды института лингвистических исследований 2011 Т. 7 № 3 С. 450-455
This talk provides an analysis for the functioning of the temporal distance in past category which has emerged in Gban (South Mande). The category consists of three subcategories: hodiernal (“today’s past”; default interpretation ‘(earlier) today’), hesternal (“yesterday’s past”; default interpretation ‘yesterday’) and remote (default interpretation ‘the day before yesterday or earlier’). When influenced by a ...
Added: October 31, 2018
СПб. : Наука, 2012
This volume is a contribution to the typology of the category of aspect. Its aim is bringing forward new empirical data from languages not yet (widely) covered in typological aspectual investigations and to start or broaden their typological discussion. The articles in the paper are grouped in two sections. The first section is an account ...
Added: October 31, 2012
The analogues of tense interpretation in Russian embedded clauses: absolute vs. relative modality, absolute vs. relative aspect
, Компьютерная лингвистика и интеллектуальные технологии 2020 Vol. дополнительный том No. 19 (26) P. 1065-1077
The paper adresses parallels between tense, aspect and modality marking in Russian embedded clauses. It is widely known that tense forms of embedded verbs can be interpreted relatively or absolutely, and in some cases, the relative and absolute use seem to be in free variation. It turns out that the interpretation of modality and aspect ...
Added: October 3, 2020
, , Scando-Slavica 2014 Т. 60 № 2 С. 212-230
The article focuses on imperfective imperatives at the early stages of Russian child and child-directed speech. Its goal is to explore the factors determining the choice of aspect in the imperative. Results showed that the distribution of perfective and imperfective verb tokens in parental speech does not directly influence the percentage of perfectives and imperfectives in child language. Children ...
Added: October 29, 2016
, , Journal of Neurolinguistics 2013 Vol. 26 P. 113-128
Cross-linguistic data suggest that the grammatical categories of tense and aspect are not generally impaired in individuals with aphasia (see Bastiaanse et al., 2011 for a review). Rather, and more specifically, verb forms expressing reference to the past or conveying perfective semantics are more impaired than verb forms expressing reference to the non-past (present or future) or conveying ...
Added: March 21, 2013
On tense and irrealis marking in triclausal constructions (and what distinguishes them from biclausal constructions)
, Linguistics 2018 Vol. 56 No. 1 P. 163-206
In this article, I consider Russian triclausal constructions (complex sentences including three clauses, one main and two dependent). More specifically, I analyze constructions where C1 (the main clause) embeds C2 (an embedded clause), while C2 in turn embeds C3. In the paper, I mainly concentrate on sentences where C2 is a clause with an unreal ...
Added: March 12, 2018
, Компьютерная лингвистика и интеллектуальные технологии 2013 № 12 (19) С. 420-434
В статье рассматриваются свойства нулевой связки в русском языке. Целью исследования — выяснить, совпадают ли ограничения на употребление нулевой связки в функции глагола настоящего вре- мени с теми, которые наблюдаются для выраженных глаголов. Для анализа привлекаются сложные предложения, ряд конструкций малого синтаксиса со временным значением, а также предложения с преди- кативами (категорией состояния). Как оказывается, ...
Added: June 13, 2013
, Acta Linguistica Petropolitana. Труды института лингвистических исследований 2015 Т. 11 № 1 С. 565-584
Requests and commands expressed by the imperative verb forms appear during the earliest period of language acquisition. For some verbs the imperative may be the first form to be acquired and appears to be the initial step towards the acquisition of the full paradigm. In this article the typical imperative contexts of the child-adult communication ...
Added: October 29, 2016
Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz Verlag, 2016
The contributions in this volume emerge from presentations held within the panel “Time in the Languages of the Horn of Africa” at the 19th International Conference of Ethiopian Studies (Warsaw, 2015): “Ethiopia - Diversity and Interconnections through Space and Time”. The purpose of this panel was to develop a better understanding of time concepts in ...
Added: October 21, 2017
Особенности употребления повелительных конструкций с "пусть" в русской детско-родительской коммуникации
, Acta Linguistica Petropolitana. Труды института лингвистических исследований 2017 Т. 13 № 3 С. 606-619
Russian jussives with a particle pust’, while being rare and late acquired, still demonstrate some features special for child-adult communication. The communicative situation influences the characteristics of these constructions in terms of the use of aspect and transitive verbs, causing dissimilarity between child-directed and adult-directed speech. ...
Added: October 31, 2017
, , et al., Steam-, Spreak- en Taalpathologie 2012 Vol. 17 P. 158-160
A core issue in neurolinguistic research is to what extent the language problems that people with aphasia suffer from are specific for their brain damage. Possibly, the processes that require more cognitive resources for the healthy brain are vulnerable in aphasia. A way to tap into unimpaired language processing is to employ event-related potentials (ERPs). ...
Added: February 12, 2013
, Вопросы языкознания 2016 № 4 С. 18-34
This study considers the use of the subjunctive in universal conditional concession (UCC) clauses of the type Kto by ni prishel, vsekh puskali (‘Whoever would come was admitted’). In these contexts, the use of the subjunctive cannot be explained by the irrealis component of its semantics, because it can be substituted with the indicative and apparently introduces real ...
Added: May 14, 2016
, Lingue e Linguaggio 2015 No. 2 P. 233-250
The article is focused on Russian constructions with zero copulas. I test constructions with zero copulas for compatibility with different syntactic contexts to find out whether their syntactic behavior differs significantly from that of lexical verbs. The diagnostics used in the paper include occurrence in relative and temporal clauses, compatibility with particles, and adverbials / ...
Added: March 14, 2016
, , et al., Scando-Slavica 2012 Vol. 58 No. 2 P. 231-291
Nearly two thousand perfective verbs in Russian are formed via the addition of so-called "empty prefixes" (čistovidovye pristavki) to imperfective base verbs. The traditional assumption that prefixes are semantically "empty" when used to form aspectual pairs is problematic because the same prefixes are clearly "non-empty" when combined with other base verbs. Though some scholars have ...
Added: February 11, 2013
, , et al., Journal of Memory and Language 2012 Vol. 66 No. 1 P. 307-325
Time reference in Indo-European languages is marked on the verb. With tensed verb forms, the speaker can refer to the past (wrote, has written), present (writes, is writing) or future (will write). Reference to the past through verb morphology has been shown to be particularly vulnerable in agrammatic aphasia (Bastiaanse, 2008; Yarbay Duman & Bastiaanse, ...
Added: November 11, 2012
, , et al., Journal of Neurolinguistics 2013 Vol. 26 P. 283-297
Reference to a time frame in which an event takes place can be done by verb inflection. If the time frame (past, present, future) is set by a temporal adverb, the verb inflection should correspond (yesterday he walk. ed; today he walk. s). Temporal violations by simple verbs (single, lexical verbs inflected with tense) in ...
Added: March 21, 2013
The semantics of verbal categories in Nakh-Daghestanian languages: Tense, aspect, evidentiality, mood and modality
Leiden : Brill, 2018
The Caucasus is the place with the greatest linguistic variation in Europe. The present volume explores this variation within the tense, aspect, mood, and evidentiality systems in the languages of the North-East Caucasian (or Nakh-Daghestanian) family. The papers of the volume cover the most challenging and typologically interesting features such as aspect and the complicated ...
Added: March 23, 2018
, Вопросы языкознания 2021 № 6 С. 40-68
The topic of the paper is the semantics of semelfactive and delimitative in a typological perspective. We describe in detail how semantic behavior of these derivations depends on the actional type of the verbal stem. We propose to analyse semelfactive as a situation of minimal duration and delimitative as a non-final portion of a situation. ...
Added: June 23, 2021
, Известия РАН. Серия литературы и языка 2020 Т. 79 № 3 С. 49-62
The article focuses on the choice of verbal stem (perfective vs. imperfective) for prefixation. Although some tendencies have been described in existing work (for instance, the fact that lexical prefixes very often choose the perfective stem, while this is not true for supralexical prefixes), I show that many cases of stem choice cannot be explained ...
Added: October 3, 2020
, , et al., Neuropsychologia 2014 Vol. 57 P. 20-28
Background: Agrammatic speakers have problems with grammatical encoding and decoding. However, not all syntactic processes are equally problematic: present time reference, who questions, and reflexives can be processed by narrow syntax alone and are relatively spared compared to past time reference, which questions, and personal pronouns, respectively. The latter need additional access to discourse and ...
Added: November 18, 2013
Bochum : Brockmeyer, 2011
Based on selected presentations given at the conference “Morphosyntax of Caucasian Languages” held in December 2006 at the Collège de France (Paris). ...
Added: July 21, 2013