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Working paper

Migrants at the Russian Labour Market: Characteristics, Status, Mobility

Over the last two decades, international migration in Russia has become a marked socio-economic phenomenon. However, Russia has not enough information about migrants: their socio-demographic characteristics,  spheres of activities, living and working conditions, mobility, etc. A lack of reliable information creates a distorted image of a migrant, leads to inadequate assessments of their place in Russian society and labour market, and reduces effectiveness of migration policy efforts. This paper presents the main findings of recent sociological survey on labour migration in the Russian Federation. There is little or no demand for migrants’ professional skills, education and qualification, first of all, those of the highest level, in the Russian labour market. A change of the place of work in the Russian territory leads to an increase in  the concentration of foreign workers in specific types of economic activities (trade, construction, communal services, and transportation). A special largely migrants segment is developing in the labour market of Russia. It is the specific character of the demand for labour that determines peculiarities of migrants’ (an increased intensity, informal and unstable employment relationship).