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Working paper

Теория, история, аттракцион: раннее кино и новые медиа

Cамутина Н. В.
This paper analyses cultural, anthropological and social characteristics of one specific form of new media – Internet portal YouTube – in the context of early cinema theory. The similarity of early cinema and contemporary YouTube videos, shared by users, can be detected in a wide range of institutional and aesthetic parameters, but above all - from the perspective of anthropology of viewer’s perception (the temporality of the cinematic event, attacks of attractions, combination of observer’s and witness’s point of view, interactive facilities and so on). Principal attention is also given to the importance of early cinema (“cinema of attractions”) theory for changes in our understanding of history and social functions of cinema, especially as this theory is represented in Tom Gunning’s texts and their influence during last 20 years. Particular consideration is given to the impact the early cinema theory, and the works of Tom Gunning together with their reception during last 20 years, had on our changing comprehension of cinema. A noticeable return of cinema of attractions as a form of communication and entertainment gives us an evidence of a certain shift in contemporary culture and has to be studied elaborately.