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  • Поляризованность электоральных предпочтений в России. Опыт выборов в Государственную думу Российской Федерации в 1993—2003 гг.

Working paper

Поляризованность электоральных предпочтений в России. Опыт выборов в Государственную думу Российской Федерации в 1993—2003 гг.

Алескеров Ф. Т., Бородин А. Д., Каспэ С. И., Маршаков В. А., Салмин А. М.
We apply the index of political polarization to measure heterogeneity of society’s political preferences revealed through nation-wide election results. The index is calculated on the basis of the results of 1993—2003 Russian Duma (Parliament) elections and experts’ estimations of the positions of parties on three-dimension system of “political coordinates”. On the regional level statistical analysis provides evidence for the increasing importance of the “national idea” for voters’ decision-making, as well as significant role of “administrative resource” in certain regions. Dynamics of polarization index in 10 “electorate-capacious” regions is treated separately for electorate behavior in those regions usually determines the overall outcome of nation-wide elections. These regions appear to be less politically polarized and more responsive to conformity pressures.