Инновации, рейдерство и институты в стране, обеспеченной природными ресурсами
In the article the techniques of committing crimes, aimed at illegal corporate seizures is analyzed. The authors come to a conclusion that every type of such crimes is a system of connected orchestrated actions for preparing, commiting and covering up a crime (crimes), aimed at committing an illegal corporate seizure. These actions have significant and various illegal potential. Scientific analysis of such crimes has allowed the authors to study the most typical ways of committing illegal corporate seizures and to show other crimes which tend to be integral part.
The article studies forensic methods which are a prerequisite to properly arrange the investigation of crimes connected with illegal corporate raids. Having outlined in this perspective the key directions in forensic methods, the author interprets them it as a set of organizational, legal, informational and other events specially aimed at teaching and applying expertise, guidelines on forensic studies, tools and methods in different departments of RF internal affairs bodies, i.e. investigative, special investigative techniques and analytics departments. The staff of the bodies is obliged to be involved in exposing, preventing, detecting and investigating crimes connected with corporate raids.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.