(Re-)Bulding the Ship of State at Sea? State Capacity and Regime Dynamics in Post-Communist Countries
Political Science. PS. Высшая школа экономики , 2012. No. 07.
The relationship between stateness and state capacity, on the one hand, and political regimes and their dynamics, on the other, has received increasing attention in comparative politics in recent years. Though empirical research does not provide consistent findings, arguments currently under discussion vary from “stateness first” (democratization only after effective state-building) to “building or rebuilding the ship of state while at sea” (state-building and democratization as complements). Several studies reveal a J-curve link connecting autocracy and democracy to levels of state capacity, implying that autocratic regimes have higher state capacity than hybrid ones. This paper questions these claims and reveals that democratization may start at low levels of state capacity, although democratic consolidation occurs at high levels of state capacity. Using a post-Communist sample, we reveal no J-shaped relationship between state capacity and political regime. We also show that state capacity does not remain unchanged in periods of social and political upheavals and its dynamics in numerous cases stipulate changes in the level of democracy. Particular patterns of this relationship are discussed in the paper in the context of clusters of post-Communist regime transformations.
Priority areas: humanitarian
, , et al., Cross-Cultural Research 2017 Vol. 51 No. 1 P. 26-50
In this article, we re-analyze the hypothesis that the relationship between the type of political regime and its political instability forms an inverted U shape. Following this logic, consistent democracies and autocracies are more stable regimes, whereas intermediate regimes (anocracies) display the lowest levels of political stability. We re-test this hypothesis using a data set ...
Added: November 30, 2016
, , Post-Soviet Affairs 2016 Vol. 32 No. 2 P. 132-151
This article contributes to current discussions on state capacity, quality of institutions, and political regimes. Our analysis demonstrates that the J-curve argument (“good institutions” in autocracies as compared to hybrid and transitional regimes) may not be generic and is not well supported by empirical evidence from the sample of post-Soviet countries. An explanatory model of ...
Added: June 23, 2015
, , , Russian Politics and Law 2014 Vol. 52 No. 2 P. 7-29
The authors analyze levels of democracy and state capacity (including quality of institutions) in the postcommunist countries over the past two decades and consider the theoretical implications of the relationship between these variables. In particular, they cast serious doubt on the general validity of the J-curve hypothesis. They present their own informal “king of the ...
Added: June 27, 2014
, , , Сравнительная политика 2016 Т. 7 № 4 С. 72-94
Проведенные нами исследования показали, что между подушевым ВВП и интенсивностью антиправительственных демон- страций не отрицательная корреляция, а криволинейная U-образная зависимость: наиболее высокая интенсивность антиправительствен- ных демонстраций характерна для стран ни с самым низкими, ни с самыми высоким, а со средними значениями ВВП на душу населения. Таким образом для более высоких значений подушевого ВВП харак- терна ...
Added: January 27, 2017
, , , Comparative Sociology 2021 Vol. 20 No. 3 P. 344-379
This article proposes a new explanation of the positive correlation between democracy and terrorism detected in many previous studies. It is shown that this might be accounted for by the fact that factional democracies are subjected to more terrorist attacks than the other political regimes. A positive relationship between the democratic regime and the level ...
Added: August 24, 2021
, Политическая наука 2013 № 3 С. 151-169
В статье рассматривается соотношение государственной состоятельности и качества институтов, с одной стороны, и характеристик политических режимов – прежде всего, современных постсоветских автократий и гибридных режимов. В частности, осуществлена эмпирическая проверка распространенной в литературе теории так наз. J-кривой, в соответствии с которой автократии могут обладать хорошие институтами (обеспечение закона и порядка, гарантии прав собственности, ограничение коррупции, ...
Added: November 28, 2013
, Democratization 2021 Vol. 28 No. 5 P. 992-1016
Recent accounts of democratic backsliding are negligent about the cultural foundations of autocracy-vs-democracy. To bring culture back in, I demonstrate that (1) the countries’ membership in culture zones explains some 70% of the global variation in autocracy-vs-democracy and (2) that this culture-bound variation has remained astoundingly constant over time – in spite of all the ...
Added: November 30, 2021
, , , Cyclically Balanced Growth Paths in a Model of Economic Growth with Endogenous Policy Switching / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Economics/EC". 2015. No. 109/EC/2015.
This paper deals with a model of economic growth, which we expand to include endogenous policy switching based on retrospective voting. It is shown that under certain conditions the solution has a special form that we call a cyclically balanced growth path. This type of solution is an analogue to balanced growth paths, which often ...
Added: November 18, 2015
, Международная жизнь 2012 № 12
Phenomenon of ethnic democracy in South African Republic is a crucial element in assessing political processes in SAR as well as in the region. A more evident and intense involvement of South Africa in global affairs, with focus on its participation in BRICS, suggests new priorities in foreign policy and political decision-making in South African ...
Added: January 22, 2015
Особенности понимания демократии и их взаимосвязь с ресурсными характеристиками населения: на примере России и Германии
, Социологический журнал 2018 Т. 24 № 3 С. 76-97
В статье представлены результаты анализа особенностей понимания демократии на примере населения России и Германии, в том числе ее Западных и Восточных земель. Различия в трактовке этого понятия могут оказать значительное влияние на ответы респондентов об их отношении к демократии и удовлетворенности ею в стране. На данных Европейского социального исследования за 2012 г. проведен сравнительный анализ ...
Added: October 17, 2018
, Valdai International Discussion Club 2020
As unthinkable as this could have seemed just a decade ago, the forces of populism have been gaining momentum recently in the United States and in Europe, propelled by the current anti-liberal wave. ...
Added: May 9, 2020
, , , Полис. Политические исследования 2017 № 2 С. 155-169
Проведенное исследование показало, что между подушевым ВВП и социально-политической дестабилизацией наблюдается не отрицательная корреляция, а криволинейная U-образная зависимость: наиболее высокие риски дестабилизации имеют страны со средними значениями ВВП на душу населения. Таким образом, вплоть до определенного значения показателя экономический рост в тенденции ведет к усилению рисков социально-политической дестабилизации, и лишь при его высоких значениях дальнейший ...
Added: May 25, 2017
, Бизнес. Общество. Власть 2013 № 17 С. 47-61
Global tendency to democratization of the last decades is interested by a lot of researchers and politicians. While the significant part of the studies is dedicated to indices’ validity is concentrated on measurement that are used in broad cross-country surveys, Professor of Oxford University Stein Ringen pays attention to the insufficient consideration of system characteristics ...
Added: October 23, 2013
, Sociological Research 1990 Vol. 29 No. 4 P. 6-31
The spring elections of people's deputies of the USSR were perhaps the most important event in our political life since the Nineteenth Party Conference. For the first time in many decades we found ourselves in the role of real subjects of the political process, and thus began a transition from a purely theoretical study of ...
Added: November 8, 2012
, , Вестник Ярославского государственного университета им. П.Г. Демидова. Серия Гуманитарные науки 2018 № 1 С. 28-32
The article examines the results of the 2017 presidential elections in Liberia – a country that for many years had been engulfed in a bloody military and political conflict, and then underwent the lengthy period of post-conflict reconstruction, which has in no small measure affected the nature of electoral processes and political development of the ...
Added: April 19, 2018
, Russian Politics and Law 2015 Vol. 53 No. 1 P. 81-100
The author argues that the return of Crimea to Russia, events in and around Ukraine, and associated tendencies in Russian domestic politics have created a new reality for Russian society. Many liberals consider declining Russian influence in the world a necessary condition of internal liberalization, while many of those who favor an independent role for ...
Added: March 2, 2016
, Политика и общество 2013 № 11 С. 1369-1380
The article is devoted to the origin, main historical phases of development and modern status of the democratic political regime in Great Britain. The author raises a question about the need in improvement and transformation of modern democracy and outlines the main problems and challenges for democracy today. Based on the example of Great Britain, the author analyzes ...
Added: January 28, 2014
, Russia in Global Affairs 2013 Т. 11 № 3 С. 209-219
Если русский национализм не одержал победу в начале прошлого века, тем более не победит сейчас. Тогда он имел неизмеримо лучшие возможности для выдвижения на лидирующие позиции. ...
Added: November 21, 2013
, Полития: Анализ. Хроника. Прогноз 2021 Т. 2 № 101 С. 6-29
In the article, on the basis of the classical political philosophers, the author distinguishes between three ideal-typical modi of political superiority of the people: “democracy”, “popular sovereignty” and “the natural right of the people to vindicate the supreme power”. Differences between them are drawn according to the criteria of (a) the distance between the holder of ...
Added: July 6, 2021
, , Islamic Quarterly 2019 Vol. 63 No. 3 P. 427-452
In the paper Islamism is described as a multi-faceted, multi-dimensional, changing and inconsistent phenomenon. Islamism possesses many levels and manifestations. It is impossible to comprehend modern Muslim (and all the more Arab) societies without an account of the impact of Islam as simultaneously an ideology, cultural environment, modus agenda and mode of life. It would ...
Added: December 3, 2020
, , Публичная политика 2020 Т. 4 № 2 С. 101-115
The article is devoted to the study of the genealogy of models of digital autocracies as a historical constellation of economic, political and technological factors. They were formed as a response to a number of challenges: adaptation to the transforming neoliberal economic system, the preservation of socio-political stability in the context of further market reforms ...
Added: June 30, 2021
NY: Routledge, 2012
This book seeks to “re-think democracy.” Over the past years, there has been a tendency in the global policy community and, even more widely, in the world’s media, to focus on democracy as the “gold standard” by which all things political are measured. This book re-examines democracy in Russia and in the world more generally, ...
Added: December 10, 2012
, , Efficiency, Policy Selection and Growth in Democracy and Autocracy: A Formal Dynamical Model / Высшая школа экономики. Series PS "Political Science". 2014. No. WP BRP 16/PS/2014.
The main focus of this paper is the impact of efficiency losses, related to public capital stock, on the prospects of economic growth in democratic and autocratic political environments. We introduce a distinction between two types of efficiency loss: along with the loss of public capital during its accumulation, we take into account the process ...
Added: October 24, 2014
Демократия и факторы социально-экономического развития: применение качественного сравнительного анализа на примере российского кейса
, Wschód Europy, Poland, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University (UMCS) in Lublin, Centre of Eastern Europe and the Faculty of Political Science 2019 № 2
The author deals with the question of the interrelation between democracy and socio-economic indicators. Author gives a new look at the classical hypothesis of S. Lipset about the dependence of socio-economic development and democracy. Using the method of qualitative comparative research and index analysis; it was noted that the components of the quality of public ...
Added: October 29, 2019